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The Value of Reference Genomes in the Conservation of Threatened Species

School of Life & Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia
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Genes 2019, 10(11), 846; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10110846
Received: 18 October 2019 / Revised: 18 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marsupial Genetics and Genomics)
Conservation initiatives are now more crucial than ever—over a million plant and animal species are at risk of extinction over the coming decades. The genetic management of threatened species held in insurance programs is recommended; however, few are taking advantage of the full range of genomic technologies available today. Less than 1% of the 13505 species currently listed as threated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) have a published genome. While there has been much discussion in the literature about the importance of genomics for conservation, there are limited examples of how having a reference genome has changed conservation management practice. The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii), is an endangered Australian marsupial, threatened by an infectious clonal cancer devil facial tumor disease (DFTD). Populations have declined by 80% since the disease was first recorded in 1996. A reference genome for this species was published in 2012 and has been crucial for understanding DFTD and the management of the species in the wild. Here we use the Tasmanian devil as an example of how a reference genome has influenced management actions in the conservation of a species. View Full-Text
Keywords: conservation; genomes; Tasmanian devil conservation; genomes; Tasmanian devil
MDPI and ACS Style

Brandies, P.; Peel, E.; Hogg, C.J.; Belov, K. The Value of Reference Genomes in the Conservation of Threatened Species. Genes 2019, 10, 846.

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