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Open AccessArticle

Genome-Wide Analysis of Cotton Auxin Early Response Gene Families and Their Roles in Somatic Embryogenesis

State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Institute of Cotton Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Anyang 455000, China
Zhengzhou Research Base, State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2019, 10(10), 730;
Received: 14 August 2019 / Revised: 17 September 2019 / Accepted: 19 September 2019 / Published: 20 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Genetics and Genomics)
Auxin is well known to regulate growth and development processes. Auxin early response genes serve as a critical component of auxin signaling and mediate auxin regulation of diverse physiological processes. In the present study, a genome-wide identification and comprehensive analysis of auxin early response genes were conducted in upland cotton. A total of 71 auxin response factor (ARF), 86 Auxin/Indole-3-Acetic Acid (Aux/IAA), 63 Gretchen Hagen3 (GH3), and 194 small auxin upregulated RNA (SAUR) genes were identified in upland cotton, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the ARF, GH3, and SAUR families were likely subject to extensive evolutionary divergence between Arabidopsis and upland cotton, while the Aux/IAA family was evolutionary conserved. Expression profiles showed that the ARF, Aux/IAA, GH3, and SAUR family genes were extensively involved in embryogenic competence acquisition of upland cotton callus. The Aux/IAA family genes generally showed a higher expression level in the non-embryogenic callus (NEC) of highly embryogenic cultivar CCRI24 than that of recalcitrant cultivar CCRI12, which may be conducive to initializing the embryogenic transformation. Auxin early response genes were tightly co-expressed with most of the known somatic embryogenesis (SE) related genes, indicating that these genes may regulate upland cotton SE by interacting with auxin early response genes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Gossypium hirsutum; somatic embryogenesis; ARF; Aux/IAA; GH3; SAUR Gossypium hirsutum; somatic embryogenesis; ARF; Aux/IAA; GH3; SAUR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, R.; Wang, S.; Ma, D.; Li, Y.; Liu, C. Genome-Wide Analysis of Cotton Auxin Early Response Gene Families and Their Roles in Somatic Embryogenesis. Genes 2019, 10, 730.

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