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Review

EZH2 in Myeloid Malignancies

1
Klinik für Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Jena, 07743 Jena, Germany
2
School of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
3
Wessex Regional Genetics Laboratory, Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust, Salisbury SP2 8BJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cells 2020, 9(7), 1639; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9071639
Received: 12 June 2020 / Revised: 1 July 2020 / Accepted: 2 July 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pathophysiology and Molecular Targets in Myeloid Neoplasia)
Our understanding of the significance of epigenetic dysregulation in the pathogenesis of myeloid malignancies has greatly advanced in the past decade. Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 (EZH2) is the catalytic core component of the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), which is responsible for gene silencing through trimethylation of H3K27. EZH2 dysregulation is highly tumorigenic and has been observed in various cancers, with EZH2 acting as an oncogene or a tumor-suppressor depending on cellular context. While loss-of-function mutations of EZH2 frequently affect patients with myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms, myelodysplastic syndrome and myelofibrosis, cases of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) seem to be largely characterized by EZH2 overexpression. A variety of other factors frequently aberrant in myeloid leukemia can affect PRC2 function and disease pathogenesis, including Additional Sex Combs Like 1 (ASXL1) and splicing gene mutations. As the genetic background of myeloid malignancies is largely heterogeneous, it is not surprising that EZH2 mutations act in conjunction with other aberrations. Since EZH2 mutations are considered to be early events in disease pathogenesis, they are of therapeutic interest to researchers, though targeting of EZH2 loss-of-function does present unique challenges. Preliminary research indicates that combined tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and EZH2 inhibitor therapy may provide a strategy to eliminate the residual disease burden in CML to allow patients to remain in treatment-free remission. View Full-Text
Keywords: EZH2; PRC2; ASXL1; myeloid malignancies; MDS; MPN; CML; mutations EZH2; PRC2; ASXL1; myeloid malignancies; MDS; MPN; CML; mutations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rinke, J.; Chase, A.; Cross, N.C.P.; Hochhaus, A.; Ernst, T. EZH2 in Myeloid Malignancies. Cells 2020, 9, 1639. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9071639

AMA Style

Rinke J, Chase A, Cross NCP, Hochhaus A, Ernst T. EZH2 in Myeloid Malignancies. Cells. 2020; 9(7):1639. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9071639

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rinke, Jenny, Andrew Chase, Nicholas C.P. Cross, Andreas Hochhaus, and Thomas Ernst. 2020. "EZH2 in Myeloid Malignancies" Cells 9, no. 7: 1639. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9071639

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