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Inflammatory Responses during Tumour Initiation: From Zebrafish Transgenic Models of Cancer to Evidence from Mouse and Man

UoE Centre for Inflammation Research, Queen’s Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, UK
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Cells 2020, 9(4), 1018; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9041018
Received: 14 March 2020 / Revised: 8 April 2020 / Accepted: 14 April 2020 / Published: 20 April 2020
The zebrafish is now an important model organism for cancer biology studies and provides unique and complementary opportunities in comparison to the mammalian equivalent. The translucency of zebrafish has allowed in vivo live imaging studies of tumour initiation and progression at the cellular level, providing novel insights into our understanding of cancer. Here we summarise the available transgenic zebrafish tumour models and discuss what we have gleaned from them with respect to cancer inflammation. In particular, we focus on the host inflammatory response towards transformed cells during the pre-neoplastic stage of tumour development. We discuss features of tumour-associated macrophages and neutrophils in mammalian models and present evidence that supports the idea that these inflammatory cells promote early stage tumour development and progression. Direct live imaging of tumour initiation in zebrafish models has shown that the intrinsic inflammation induced by pre-neoplastic cells is tumour promoting. Signals mediating leukocyte recruitment to pre-neoplastic cells in zebrafish correspond to the signals that mediate leukocyte recruitment in mammalian tumours. The activation state of macrophages and neutrophils recruited to pre-neoplastic cells in zebrafish appears to be heterogenous, as seen in mammalian models, which provides an opportunity to study the plasticity of innate immune cells during tumour initiation. Although several potential mechanisms are described that might mediate the trophic function of innate immune cells during tumour initiation in zebrafish, there are several unknowns that are yet to be resolved. Rapid advancement of genetic tools and imaging technologies for zebrafish will facilitate research into the mechanisms that modulate leukocyte function during tumour initiation and identify targets for cancer prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: zebrafish; inflammation; tumour initiation; macrophage; neutrophil; cancer; pre-neoplastic; live imaging; tumourigenesis; tumour model zebrafish; inflammation; tumour initiation; macrophage; neutrophil; cancer; pre-neoplastic; live imaging; tumourigenesis; tumour model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Elliot, A.; Myllymäki, H.; Feng, Y. Inflammatory Responses during Tumour Initiation: From Zebrafish Transgenic Models of Cancer to Evidence from Mouse and Man. Cells 2020, 9, 1018. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9041018

AMA Style

Elliot A, Myllymäki H, Feng Y. Inflammatory Responses during Tumour Initiation: From Zebrafish Transgenic Models of Cancer to Evidence from Mouse and Man. Cells. 2020; 9(4):1018. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9041018

Chicago/Turabian Style

Elliot, Abigail, Henna Myllymäki, and Yi Feng. 2020. "Inflammatory Responses during Tumour Initiation: From Zebrafish Transgenic Models of Cancer to Evidence from Mouse and Man" Cells 9, no. 4: 1018. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9041018

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