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Profile of Matrix-Remodeling Proteinases in Osteoarthritis: Impact of Fibronectin

1
Departamento de Biología Celular, Facultad de Biología y Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Servicio de Reumatología, Instituto de Investigación Médica, Hospital Universitario La Princesa, 28006 Madrid, Spain
3
Servicio de Reumatología, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña, Sergas, Universidade da Coruña (UDC), 15006 A Coruña, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cells 2020, 9(1), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9010040
Received: 19 November 2019 / Revised: 16 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 22 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fibronectin in Health and Diseases)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex and specialized three-dimensional macromolecular network, present in nearly all tissues, that also interacts with cell surface receptors on joint resident cells. Changes in the composition and physical properties of the ECM lead to the development of many diseases, including osteoarthritis (OA). OA is a chronic degenerative rheumatic disease characterized by a progressive loss of synovial joint function as a consequence of the degradation of articular cartilage, also associated with alterations in the synovial membrane and subchondral bone. During OA, ECM-degrading enzymes, including urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTSs), cleave ECM components, such as fibronectin (Fn), generating fibronectin fragments (Fn-fs) with catabolic properties. In turn, Fn-fs promote activation of these proteinases, establishing a degradative and inflammatory feedback loop. Thus, the aim of this review is to update the contribution of ECM-degrading proteinases to the physiopathology of OA as well as their modulation by Fn-fs. View Full-Text
Keywords: osteoarthritis; fibronectin; proteinases; uPA; MMP; ADAMTS osteoarthritis; fibronectin; proteinases; uPA; MMP; ADAMTS
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Pérez-García, S.; Carrión, M.; Gutiérrez-Cañas, I.; Villanueva-Romero, R.; Castro, D.; Martínez, C.; González-Álvaro, I.; Blanco, F.J.; Juarranz, Y.; Gomariz, R.P. Profile of Matrix-Remodeling Proteinases in Osteoarthritis: Impact of Fibronectin. Cells 2020, 9, 40.

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