Cytokinesis D is Mediated by Cortical Flow of Dividing Cells Instead of Chemotaxis
AbstractCytokinesis D is known as the midwife mechanism in which neighboring cells facilitate cell division by crossing the cleavage furrow of dividing cells. Cytokinesis D is thought to be mediated by chemotaxis, where midwife cells migrate toward dividing cells by sensing an unknown chemoattractant secreted from the cleavage furrow. In this study, to validate this chemotaxis model, we aspirated the fluid from the vicinity of the cleavage furrow of a dividing Dictyostelium cell and discharged it onto a neighboring cell using a microcapillary. However, the neighboring cells did not show any chemotaxis toward the fluid. In addition, the cells did not manifest an increase in the levels of intracellular Ca2+, cAMP, or cGMP, which are expected to rise in chemotaxing cells. From several lines of our experiments, including these findings, we concluded that chemotaxis does not contribute to cytokinesis D. As an alternative, we propose a cortical-flow model, where a migrating cell attaches to a dividing cell by chance and is guided toward the furrow by the cortical flow on the dividing cell, and then physically assists the separation of the daughter cells. View Full-Text
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Tanaka, Y.; Jahan, M.G.S.; Kondo, T.; Nakano, M.; Yumura, S. Cytokinesis D is Mediated by Cortical Flow of Dividing Cells Instead of Chemotaxis. Cells 2019, 8, 473.
Tanaka Y, Jahan MGS, Kondo T, Nakano M, Yumura S. Cytokinesis D is Mediated by Cortical Flow of Dividing Cells Instead of Chemotaxis. Cells. 2019; 8(5):473.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tanaka, Yuki; Jahan, Md. G.S.; Kondo, Tomo; Nakano, Masaki; Yumura, Shigehiko. 2019. "Cytokinesis D is Mediated by Cortical Flow of Dividing Cells Instead of Chemotaxis." Cells 8, no. 5: 473.
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