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Cells 2019, 8(2), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells8020109

Pancreatic Stellate Cells Serve as a Brake Mechanism on Pancreatic Acinar Cell Calcium Signaling Modulated by Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase Expression

Institute of Cell Biology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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Received: 4 January 2019 / Revised: 28 January 2019 / Accepted: 29 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Cell Signaling and Regulated Cell Death)
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Abstract

Although methionine sulfoxide reductase (Msr) is known to modulate the activity of multiple functional proteins, the roles of Msr in pancreatic stellate cell physiology have not been reported. In the present work we investigated expression and function of Msr in freshly isolated and cultured rat pancreatic stellate cells. Msr expression was determined by RT-PCR, Western blot and immunocytochemistry. Msr over-expression was achieved by transfection with adenovirus vectors. Pancreatic stellate cells were co-cultured with pancreatic acinar cells AR4-2J in monolayer culture. Pancreatic stellate and acinar cell function was monitored by Fura-2 calcium imaging. Rat pancreatic stellate cells were found to express MsrA, B1, B2, their expressions diminished in culture. Over-expressions of MsrA, B1 or B2 were found to enhance ATP-stimulated calcium increase but decreased reactive oxygen species generation and lipopolysaccharide-elicited IL-1 production. Pancreatic stellate cell-co-culture with AR4-2J blunted cholecystokinin- and acetylcholine-stimulated calcium increases in AR4-2J, depending on acinar/stellate cell ratio, this inhibition was reversed by MsrA, B1 over-expression in stellate cells or by Met supplementation in the co-culture medium. These data suggest that Msr play important roles in pancreatic stellate cell function and the stellate cells may serve as a brake mechanism on pancreatic acinar cell calcium signaling modulated by stellate cell Msr expression. View Full-Text
Keywords: pancreatic stellate cells; methionine sulfoxide reductases; co-culture inhibition; AR4-2J; calcium oscillations pancreatic stellate cells; methionine sulfoxide reductases; co-culture inhibition; AR4-2J; calcium oscillations
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Liu, J.S.; Cui, Z.J. Pancreatic Stellate Cells Serve as a Brake Mechanism on Pancreatic Acinar Cell Calcium Signaling Modulated by Methionine Sulfoxide Reductase Expression. Cells 2019, 8, 109.

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