Telomere Length Calibration from qPCR Measurement: Limitations of Current Method
AbstractTelomere length (TL) comparisons from different methods are challenging due to differences in laboratory techniques and data configuration. This study aimed to assess the validity of converting the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) telomere/single copy gene (T/S) ratio to TL in kilobases (kb). We developed a linear regression equation to predict TL from qPCR T/S using flow cytometry with fluorescence in situ hybridization (flow FISH) TL data from 181 healthy donors (age range = 19–53) from the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) biorepository. TL measurements by qPCR and flow FISH were modestly correlated (R2 = 0.56, p < 0.0001). In Bland-Altman analyses, individuals with the shortest (≤10th percentile) or longest (≥90th) flow FISH TL had an over- or under-estimated qPCR TL (bias = 0.89 and −0.77 kb, respectively). Comparisons of calculated TL from the NMDP samples and 1810 age- and sex-matched individuals from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey showed significant differences (median = 7.1 versus 5.8 kb, respectively, p < 0.0001). Differences in annual TL attrition were also noted (31 versus 13 bp/year, respectively, p = 0.02). Our results demonstrate that TL calculated in kb from qPCR T/S may yield biased estimates for individuals with the shortest or longest TL, those often of high clinical interest. We also showed that calculated TL in kb from qPCR data are not comparable across populations and therefore are not necessarily useful. View Full-Text
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Wang, Y.; Savage, S.A.; Alsaggaf, R.; Aubert, G.; Dagnall, C.L.; Spellman, S.R.; Lee, S.J.; Hicks, B.; Jones, K.; Katki, H.A.; Gadalla, S.M. Telomere Length Calibration from qPCR Measurement: Limitations of Current Method. Cells 2018, 7, 183.
Wang Y, Savage SA, Alsaggaf R, Aubert G, Dagnall CL, Spellman SR, Lee SJ, Hicks B, Jones K, Katki HA, Gadalla SM. Telomere Length Calibration from qPCR Measurement: Limitations of Current Method. Cells. 2018; 7(11):183.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Youjin; Savage, Sharon A.; Alsaggaf, Rotana; Aubert, Geraldine; Dagnall, Casey L.; Spellman, Stephen R.; Lee, Stephanie J.; Hicks, Belynda; Jones, Kristine; Katki, Hormuzd A.; Gadalla, Shahinaz M. 2018. "Telomere Length Calibration from qPCR Measurement: Limitations of Current Method." Cells 7, no. 11: 183.
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