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Article

A Comprehensive Investigation of Steroidogenic Signaling in Classical and New Experimental Cell Models of Adrenocortical Carcinoma

1
Section of Pharmacology, Department of Molecular and Translational Medicine, University of Brescia, 25124 Brescia, Italy
2
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition, University Hospital Zurich (USZ) and University of Zurich (UZH), 8091 Zürich, Switzerland
3
Electrophysiology Facility (e-phac), Department of Molecular Life Sciences, University of Zurich (UZH), 8057 Zürich, Switzerland
4
Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik III, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, 01307 Dresden, Germany
5
Medical Oncology Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences, and Public Health, University of Brescia at ASST Spedali Civili di Brescia, 25124 Brescia, Italy
6
Surgical Clinic, Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia at ASST Spedali Civili di Brescia, 25124 Brescia, Italy
7
Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences, King’s College London, London WC2R 2LS, UK
8
Center for Regenerative Therapies, Technische Universität Dresden, 01307 Dresden, Germany
9
Paul-Langerhans-Institute Dresden, Helmholtz Center Munich, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität Dresden, 01307 Dresden, Germany
10
Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 636921, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Marcin Rucinski
Cells 2022, 11(9), 1439; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11091439
Received: 14 March 2022 / Revised: 20 April 2022 / Accepted: 22 April 2022 / Published: 24 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Cell Signaling)
Adrenocortical carcinoma is a heterogeneous and aggressive cancer that originates from steroidogenic cells within the adrenal cortex. In this study, we have assessed for the preclinical gold standard NCI-H295 in direct comparison with the more recently established MUC-1 and a here newly reported ACC cell line (TVBF-7) the mutational status of important driver genes (TP53, MEN1, PRKAR1A, CTNNB1, APC, ZNRF-3, IGF-2, EGFR, RB1, BRCA1, BRCA2, RET, GNAS and PTEN), Wnt-signaling specificities (CTNNB1 mutation vs. APC mutation vs. wildtype), steroidogenic-(CYP11A1, CYP17A1, HSD3B2, HSD17B4, CYP21A2, CYP11B1, CYP11B2, MC2R, AT1R) and nuclear-receptor-signaling (AR, ER, GCR), varying electrophysiological potentials as well as highly individual hormone secretion profiles (Cortisol, Aldosterone, DHEA, DHEAS, Testosterone, 17-OH Progesterone, among others) which were investigated under basal and stimulated conditions (ACTH, AngII, FSK). Our findings reveal important genetic and pathophysiological characteristics for these three cell lines and reveal the importance of such cell-line panels reflecting differential endocrine functionalities to thereby better reflect clinically well-known ACC patient heterogeneities in preclinical studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: adrenocortical carcinoma cell lines; steroidogenesis; electrophysiology; genotype; NCI-H295; MUC-1; TVBF-7 adrenocortical carcinoma cell lines; steroidogenesis; electrophysiology; genotype; NCI-H295; MUC-1; TVBF-7
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sigala, S.; Bothou, C.; Penton, D.; Abate, A.; Peitzsch, M.; Cosentini, D.; Tiberio, G.A.M.; Bornstein, S.R.; Berruti, A.; Hantel, C. A Comprehensive Investigation of Steroidogenic Signaling in Classical and New Experimental Cell Models of Adrenocortical Carcinoma. Cells 2022, 11, 1439. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11091439

AMA Style

Sigala S, Bothou C, Penton D, Abate A, Peitzsch M, Cosentini D, Tiberio GAM, Bornstein SR, Berruti A, Hantel C. A Comprehensive Investigation of Steroidogenic Signaling in Classical and New Experimental Cell Models of Adrenocortical Carcinoma. Cells. 2022; 11(9):1439. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11091439

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sigala, Sandra, Christina Bothou, David Penton, Andrea Abate, Mirko Peitzsch, Deborah Cosentini, Guido A. M. Tiberio, Stefan R. Bornstein, Alfredo Berruti, and Constanze Hantel. 2022. "A Comprehensive Investigation of Steroidogenic Signaling in Classical and New Experimental Cell Models of Adrenocortical Carcinoma" Cells 11, no. 9: 1439. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11091439

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