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Article

Yield and Quality of Forages in a Triple Cropping System in Southern Kyushu, Japan

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Department of Environment and Resource Sciences, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Agriculture and Engineering, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
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Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan
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Qinghai Academy of Animal and Veterinary Science, Xining, Qinghai 810016, China
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Miyazaki Livestock Research Institute, Takaharu, Miyazaki 889-4411, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2019, 9(6), 277; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9060277
Received: 24 March 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 28 May 2019 / Published: 30 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Grassland and Pasture Science)
A triple cropping system, combining spring maize, pearl millet, and twice-cut blast disease resistant Italian ryegrass, was examined for the 2016–2017 and 2017–2018 growing seasons to achieve quality herbage production in Miyazaki, southern Kyushu, Japan. The growth of the three crops reached to harvest, even though typhoon and heavy rainfall occurred. Annual dry matter (DM) yield of the triple crops was 4098 g m−2 and 4349 g m−2 in the first and second cropping seasons, respectively. The observed total digestible nutrients (TDN) were higher in spring maize (up to 68.2% and 76.8%), pearl millet (up to 60.0% and 67.9%), and Italian ryegrass (up to 71.6% and 68.6%), during the first and second season, respectively, leading to an annual TDN yield of 2357 g m−2 and 2938 g m−2. The results suggest that the present established triple cropping system is feasible for obtaining high yields with more digestible nutrients in the forages. View Full-Text
Keywords: forage crop; yield; quality; triple cultivation; climatic hazard forage crop; yield; quality; triple cultivation; climatic hazard
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, B.; Ishii, Y.; Idota, S.; Tobisa, M.; Niimi, M.; Yang, Y.; Nishimura, K. Yield and Quality of Forages in a Triple Cropping System in Southern Kyushu, Japan. Agronomy 2019, 9, 277. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9060277

AMA Style

Li B, Ishii Y, Idota S, Tobisa M, Niimi M, Yang Y, Nishimura K. Yield and Quality of Forages in a Triple Cropping System in Southern Kyushu, Japan. Agronomy. 2019; 9(6):277. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9060277

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Bokun, Yasuyuki Ishii, Sachiko Idota, Manabu Tobisa, Mitsuhiro Niimi, Yingkui Yang, and Keiko Nishimura. 2019. "Yield and Quality of Forages in a Triple Cropping System in Southern Kyushu, Japan" Agronomy 9, no. 6: 277. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9060277

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