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Agronomy 2019, 9(4), 176; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9040176

Quinoa: In Perspective of Global Challenges

1
Life Sciences College; Haixia Institute of Science and Technology, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
FAFU-UCR Center for Horticultural Biology and Metabolomics, Haixia Institute of Science and Technology, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
3
Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Guyana, Georgetown 413741, Guyana
4
Institute of Integrative Genome Biology and Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA 90089, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2019 / Revised: 31 March 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 5 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Farming Sustainability)
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Abstract

The global population is on the path of an increasing trajectory with a simultaneous decline in arable land resources through salinization and desertification that have resulted mainly from climate change and other anthropogenic activities. Rising temperatures will cause changes in the entire ecosystem, resulting in significant alterations in global climate paradigms and a threat to food security. This review focuses on how the highly resilient Chenopodium quinoa Willd. can sustainably mitigate some of the detrimental impacts, such as starvation, and support or provide ecosystem services. In comparison, compared with the traditional staple food crops, quinoa has remarkable tolerance to abiotic stresses and is highly nutritious, with a unique balance and higher amounts of nutrients, and can therefore be an important crop for food security and nutritional adequacy. This crop has the potential to ameliorate global challenges with respect to increase in global population, effects of climate change, desalinization, phytoremediation, satisfying nutrient deficiency, and alleviating poverty. View Full-Text
Keywords: global warming; nutrient composition; halophytes; desertification; salinization; phytoremediation global warming; nutrient composition; halophytes; desertification; salinization; phytoremediation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jaikishun, S.; Li, W.; Yang, Z.; Song, S. Quinoa: In Perspective of Global Challenges. Agronomy 2019, 9, 176.

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