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Agronomy 2019, 9(3), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9030135

Variability among Young Table Grape Cultivars in Response to Water Deficit and Water Use Efficiency

1
Institute for Crop Science, University of Hohenheim, Fruwirthstr. 23, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
2
Institute for Crop Science, Quality of Plant Products, University of Hohenheim, Emil-Wolff-Str. 25, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
3
Institute for Crop Science, Biostatistics, University of Hohenheim, Fruwirthstr. 23, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 January 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change)
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Abstract

Climate change will lead to higher frequencies and durations of water limitations during the growing season, which may affect table grape yield. The aim of this experiment was to determine the variability among 3-year old table grape cultivars under the influence of prolonged water deficit during fruit development on gas exchange, growth, and water use efficiency. Six own rooted, potted table grape cultivars (cv. ‘Muscat Bleu’, ‘Fanny’, ‘Nero’, ‘Palatina’, ‘Crimson Seedless’ and ‘Thompson Seedless’) were subjected to three water deficit treatments (Control treatment with daily irrigation to 75% of available water capacity (AWC), moderate (50% AWC), and severe water deficit treatment (25% AWC)) for three consecutive years during vegetative growth/fruit development. Water deficit reduced assimilation, stomatal conductance, and transpiration, and increased water use efficiencies (WUE) with severity of water limitation. While leaf area and number of leaves were not affected by treatments in any of the tested cultivars, the response of specific leaf area to water deficit depended on the cultivar. Plant dry mass decreased with increasing water limitation. Overall, high variability of cultivars to gas exchange and water use efficiencies in response to water limitation was observed. ’Palatina’ was the cultivar having a high productivity (high net assimilation) and low water use (low stomatal conductance) and the cultivar ‘Fanny’ was characterized by the highest amount of total annual dry mass as well as the highest total dry mass production per water supplied during the experiment (WUEDM). Hence, ‘Fanny’ and ‘Palatina’ have shown to be cultivars able to cope with water limiting conditions and should be extensively tested in further studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: water limitation; dry mass partitioning; assimilation; intercellular CO2; stomatal conductance; leaf water potential water limitation; dry mass partitioning; assimilation; intercellular CO2; stomatal conductance; leaf water potential
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Weiler, C.S.; Merkt, N.; Hartung, J.; Graeff-Hönninger, S. Variability among Young Table Grape Cultivars in Response to Water Deficit and Water Use Efficiency. Agronomy 2019, 9, 135.

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