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Agronomy 2019, 9(1), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9010037

Subsoiling and Sowing Time Influence Soil Water Content, Nitrogen Translocation and Yield of Dryland Winter Wheat

Collage of Agriculture, Shanxi Agricultural University, Shanxi 030801, China
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These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 18 November 2018 / Revised: 10 January 2019 / Accepted: 13 January 2019 / Published: 16 January 2019
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Abstract

Dryland winter wheat in the Loess Plateau is facing a yield reduction due to a shortage of soil moisture and delayed sowing time. The field experiment was conducted at Loess Plateau in Shanxi, China from 2012 to 2015, to study the effect of subsoiling and conventional tillage and different sowing dates on the soil water storage, Nitrogen (N) accumulation, and remobilization and yield of winter wheat. The results showed that subsoiling significantly improved the soil water storage (0–300 cm soil depth) and increased the contribution of N translocation to grain N and grain yield (17–36%). Delaying sowing time had reduced the soil water storage at sowing and winter accumulated growing degree days by about 180 °C. The contribution of N translocation to grain yield was maximum in glume + spike followed by in leaves and minimum by stem + sheath. Moreover, there was a positive relationship between the N accumulation and translocation and the soil moisture in the 20–300 cm range. Subsoiling during the fallow period and the medium sowing date was beneficial for improving the soil water storage and increased the N translocation to grain, thereby increasing the yield of wheat, especially in a dry year. View Full-Text
Keywords: dryland wheat; subsoiling; sowing date; nitrogen accumulation; nitrogen translocation; yield dryland wheat; subsoiling; sowing date; nitrogen accumulation; nitrogen translocation; yield
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Liang, Y.F.; Khan, S.; Ren, A.-X.; Lin, W.; Anwar, S.; Sun, M.; Gao, Z.-Q. Subsoiling and Sowing Time Influence Soil Water Content, Nitrogen Translocation and Yield of Dryland Winter Wheat. Agronomy 2019, 9, 37.

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