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Agronomy 2018, 8(8), 154;

Nitrogen Recovery Efficiency from Urea Treated with NSN Co-Polymer Applied to No-Till Corn

Department of Agronomy, Unidad Integrada Balcarce, C.C.276, 7620 Balcarce, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Avenida Rivadavia 1917, C1033AAJ Buenos Aires, Argentina
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 June 2018 / Revised: 13 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 19 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Innovative Cropping Systems)
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Nitrogen (N) rate increases used by many farmers produce a reduced or null effect on N recovery efficiency (RE) by crops. Therefore, management practices to reduce N losses and increase RE are necessary. Co-polymer maleic itaconic acid (NSN) have become available for use with urea and has shown potential in reducing N losses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of urea treated with NSN on grain yield and RE in a no-till corn. A field experiment was carried out at Balcarce, Argentina over three years, evaluated treatments were urea and urea + NSN at 120 N kg ha−1, and additional 0 N treatment was included. Urea + NSN was effective to reduce total ammonia volatilization losses, and the average of two years were 1.4 (1.1% to N applied) and 8.7 kg ha−1 (7.2% to N applied) for urea + NSN and urea, respectively. However, while grain yield and N grain removal were not affected by urea + NSN, the N rate significantly increased grain yield and N grain removal. Nitrogen recovery efficiency was not affected by urea + NSN, RE (average of three years) was 29.0% and 27.8% for urea and urea + NSN, respectively. In conclusion, there was no advantage of using urea treated with NSN in no-till corn overgrain yield, N grain removal, or RE. View Full-Text
Keywords: Zea mays L.; nitrogen fertilization; N grain removal Zea mays L.; nitrogen fertilization; N grain removal

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Barbieri, P.A.; Sainz Rozas, H.R.; Echeverría, H.E. Nitrogen Recovery Efficiency from Urea Treated with NSN Co-Polymer Applied to No-Till Corn. Agronomy 2018, 8, 154.

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