In this study, an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model was developed in order to classify varieties belonging to grain species. Varieties of bread wheat, durum wheat, barley, oat and triticale were utilized. 11 physical properties of grains were determined for these varieties as follows: thousand kernel weight, geometric mean diameter, sphericity, kernel volume, surface area, bulk density, true density, porosity and colour parameters. It was found that these properties had been statistically significant for the varieties. An Artificial Neural Network was developed for classifying varieties. The structure of the ANN model developed was designed to have 11 inputs, 2 hidden and 2 output layers. Thousand kernel weight, geometric mean diameter, sphericity, kernel volume, surface area, bulk density, true density, porosity and colour were used as input parameters; and species and varieties as output parameters. While classifying the varieties by the ANN model developed, R2
and mean error were found to be 0.99, 0.000624 and 0.009%, respectively. In classifying the species, these values were found to be 0.99, 0.000184 and 0.001%, respectively. It has shown that all the results obtained from the ANN model had been in accordance with the real data.
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