Next Article in Journal
A Cucumber AGAMOUS-LIKE 15 (AGL15) MADS-Box Gene Mediates Abnormal Leaf Morphology in Arabidopsis
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Asparagine Concentration as an Indicator of the Acrylamide Formation in Cereals Grown under Organic Farming Conditions
Previous Article in Journal
Improving High-Latitude Rice Nitrogen Management with the CERES-Rice Crop Model
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Agronomy 2018, 8(11), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy8110264

Effect of Seaweed Aqueous Extracts and Compost on Vegetative Growth, Yield, and Nutraceutical Quality of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Fruit

1
Tecnologico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnológico de Minatitlán, Blvd. Institutos Tecnológicos S/N, Col. Buena Vista Norte, Minatitlán, Veracruz 96848, Mexico
2
Tecnologico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnologico de Torreón, Maestría en Ciencias en Suelos, Carretera Torreón-San Pedro Km 7.5, Ejido Ana, Torreón, Coahuila 27170, Mexico
3
Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango/Facultad de Agricultura y Zootecnia, Ejido Venecia, Carretera Tlahualilo km 35, Gómez Palacio, Durango 35111, Mexico
4
Tecnologico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnológico de Villahermosa. Ingeniería Química, Bioquímica y Ambiental, Villahermosa, Tabasco 86010, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 October 2018 / Revised: 10 November 2018 / Accepted: 12 November 2018 / Published: 15 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organic Farming: Impacts on Food Quality and Human Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [670 KB, uploaded 15 November 2018]   |  

Abstract

The objective of this research was to evaluate the production and phytochemical quality of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) fruits, in response to the foliar application of different seaweed extracts. This study was carried out under shadow mesh conditions in the autumn–winter agricultural cycle at the Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón, Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico. The experimental design was completely random, using six treatments with six repetitions each. The treatments evaluated were: Macrocystis pyrifera, Bryothamnion triquetrum, Ascophyllum nodosum, Grammatophora spp., Macrocystis integrifolia, and a control treatment with inorganic fertilization. The substrate used was a mixture of sand and vermicompost. The yield, commercial size, and phytochemical compounds of the fruit were evaluated. Results showed that the yield using Steiner solution (6.75 kg m−2) was higher than that obtained with Bryothamnion triquetrum algae (6.07 kg m−2). Regarding the phenolic content, the extracts surpassed the control treatment, with Macrocystis pyrifera and Macrocystis integrifolia being statistically equal, with values of 47.37 and 43.73 mg equiv. of Ac. Gallic 100 g fresh weight, respectively. The antioxidant capacity by ABTS+ and DPPH+ methods was higher using the treatment with Macrocystis pyrifera algae with 149.4 and 454.1 μM equiv Trolox/100 g fresh base, respectively. This treatment also presented the highest value of vitamin C with 5.07 mg/100 g fresh base, being 27% greater than the control treatment. Algae extracts increased the quality of the fruits by obtaining the highest antioxidant capacity, making their use a viable option to minimize the application of conventional fertilizers, thereby attenuating the effects on the environment and improving the health of the population. View Full-Text
Keywords: cucumis sativus; nutraceutical; antioxidant; ABTS+, DPPH+ cucumis sativus; nutraceutical; antioxidant; ABTS+, DPPH+
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Trejo Valencia, R.; Sánchez Acosta, L.; Fortis Hernández, M.; Preciado Rangel, P.; Gallegos Robles, M.Á.; Antonio Cruz, R.C.; Vázquez Vázquez, C. Effect of Seaweed Aqueous Extracts and Compost on Vegetative Growth, Yield, and Nutraceutical Quality of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Fruit. Agronomy 2018, 8, 264.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Agronomy EISSN 2073-4395 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top