Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) constrains wheat production worldwide by reducing both wheat grain yield and end-use quality. TaPHS1
on wheat chromosome 3AS and TaMKK3-A
on chromosome 4AL are two cloned genes with major effects on PHS resistance and they are independent from grain color (GC). In this study, we used marker-assisted backcrossing (MAB) to introgress TaPHS1
from two PHS resistant sources—‘Tutoumai A’ and ‘AUS1408′—into a sprouting-susceptible white wheat line, NW97S186. Progeny were tested in four environments to investigate individual and combined effects of those two genes. TaPHS1
significantly reduced PHS and its effect on PHS varied with environments and gene sources. In contrast, the TaMKK3-A
gene also significantly reduced PHS but its effectiveness was influenced by environments. The two genes had additive effects on PHS resistance, indicating pyramiding those two quantitative trait lici (QTLs) could increase PHS resistance. The additive effects were greater in a mild environment, such as a greenhouse, than in a dry and hot environment during maturation.
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