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Article

Design, Development, and Performance Evaluation of a Trash-Board Moldboard Plow for the Interaction between Soil and Straw with Two Different Water Content Levels

1
College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University; Key Laboratory of Intelligent Agricultural Equipment of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210031, China
2
College of Resource and Environmental Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210031, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Leslie A. Weston, Xiaocheng Zhu and Peter Langridge
Agronomy 2016, 6(2), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy6020030
Received: 23 December 2015 / Revised: 28 April 2016 / Accepted: 2 May 2016 / Published: 6 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interactions between Plant Rhizosphere and Soil Organisms)
A two-year field study was conducted to investigate the performance of a lightweight trash-board moldboard plow (with and without a trash-board), as influenced by stubble height and water content. Both fields were measured for the performance of a trash-board moldboard plow when used during the optimization of the plowing depth, the water content, and the reaction forces. The results showed that in the first year, when a trash-board was required, the results were significantly different. The fields had lower draft and reaction force in the soil with only stubble height, which was greater than that in the soil with dense straw for all water content levels. This was also observed in the second year for the whole depth. This study shows that the moldboard plow with a trash-board provided minimum draft and reaction forces with only straw and heavy straw. The results indicate that straw nearby shear significantly increased displacement for all treatments, with variance of straw nearby moldboard. Hence, the results verify that a trash-board continuously created large soil fragmentation with different water content. Straw labels create a position of straw which also allows for better results. It is important to install trash-boards with the moldboard plow for heavy straw incorporation. View Full-Text
Keywords: trash-board attachment; straw incorporation; moldboard plow; water content; soil trash-board attachment; straw incorporation; moldboard plow; water content; soil
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdallah, F.E.; Ding, W.; Ding, Q.; Pan, G. Design, Development, and Performance Evaluation of a Trash-Board Moldboard Plow for the Interaction between Soil and Straw with Two Different Water Content Levels. Agronomy 2016, 6, 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy6020030

AMA Style

Abdallah FE, Ding W, Ding Q, Pan G. Design, Development, and Performance Evaluation of a Trash-Board Moldboard Plow for the Interaction between Soil and Straw with Two Different Water Content Levels. Agronomy. 2016; 6(2):30. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy6020030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abdallah, Farid E., Weimin Ding, Qishuo Ding, and Genxing Pan. 2016. "Design, Development, and Performance Evaluation of a Trash-Board Moldboard Plow for the Interaction between Soil and Straw with Two Different Water Content Levels" Agronomy 6, no. 2: 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy6020030

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