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Minichromosomes: Vectors for Crop Improvement

Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, 311 Tucker Hall, Columbia, MO 65211-7400, USA
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These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Gareth Norton
Agronomy 2015, 5(3), 309-321; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy5030309
Received: 15 May 2015 / Revised: 14 June 2015 / Accepted: 24 June 2015 / Published: 6 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Accumulation and Distribution of Elements in Crop Plants)
Minichromosome technology has the potential to offer a number of possibilities for expanding current biofortification strategies. While conventional genome manipulations rely on random integration of one or a few genes, engineered minichromosomes would enable researchers to concatenate several gene aggregates into a single independent chromosome. These engineered minichromosomes can be rapidly transferred as a unit to other lines through the utilization of doubled haploid breeding. If used in conjunction with other biofortification methods, it may be possible to significantly increase the nutritional value of crops. View Full-Text
Keywords: minichromosomes; biofortification; B chromosomes; telomere truncation; BIBAC; genetic engineering; haploid induction minichromosomes; biofortification; B chromosomes; telomere truncation; BIBAC; genetic engineering; haploid induction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cody, J.P.; Swyers, N.C.; McCaw, M.E.; Graham, N.D.; Zhao, C.; Birchler, J.A. Minichromosomes: Vectors for Crop Improvement. Agronomy 2015, 5, 309-321.

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