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Article

Adaptation of Winter Barley Cultivars to Inversion and Non-Inversion Tillage for Yield and Rhynchosporium Symptoms

1
The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD25DA, UK
2
Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Invergowrie, Dundee DD25DA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2021, 11(1), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010030
Received: 18 November 2020 / Revised: 10 December 2020 / Accepted: 22 December 2020 / Published: 25 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Innovative Cropping Systems)
Modern cereal cultivars are highly adapted to, and normally bred and trialled under, high input, high soil disturbance conditions. On-farm conditions are often suboptimal for high yield and frequently use minimal soil tillage, sometimes no-tillage, and therefore, cultivars may be differentially adapted to such conditions. We report a series of trials across 10 years comparing multiple cultivars within years and smaller numbers across years to identify stable cultivars showing preferential adaptation to different levels of soil tillage. Cultivars responded differentially to inversion and non-inversion tillage but were not affected by the level of cultivation within each of these tillage types. Yield declined over time but much more so in the non-inversion tillage treatment. Rhynchosporium symptoms were also increasingly suppressed in the non-inversion tillage type. Several cultivars were identified that showed strong adaptation to tillage type, and some of these were consistent across several trial years. These cultivars can be used to identify traits and genotypes associated with tillage adaptation to target breeding for on-farm conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: winter barley; yield; rhynchosporium; inversion tillage; non-inversion tillage winter barley; yield; rhynchosporium; inversion tillage; non-inversion tillage
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MDPI and ACS Style

Newton, A.C.; Hawes, C.; Hackett, C.A. Adaptation of Winter Barley Cultivars to Inversion and Non-Inversion Tillage for Yield and Rhynchosporium Symptoms. Agronomy 2021, 11, 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010030

AMA Style

Newton AC, Hawes C, Hackett CA. Adaptation of Winter Barley Cultivars to Inversion and Non-Inversion Tillage for Yield and Rhynchosporium Symptoms. Agronomy. 2021; 11(1):30. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Newton, Adrian C., Cathy Hawes, and Christine A. Hackett. 2021. "Adaptation of Winter Barley Cultivars to Inversion and Non-Inversion Tillage for Yield and Rhynchosporium Symptoms" Agronomy 11, no. 1: 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010030

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