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Article

What is the Difference between the Response of Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) to Salinity and Drought Stress?—A Physiological Study

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Department of Botany, Physiology and Plant Protection, Faculty of Biotechnology and Horticulture, University of Agriculture in Kraków, al. 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
2
Department of Plant Breeding, Physiology and Seed Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, University of Agriculture in Kraków, ul. Łobzowska 24, 31-140 Kraków, Poland
3
Plant-Microorganism Interactions Group, Malopolska Centre of Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7A, 30-387 Kraków, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(6), 833; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10060833
Received: 23 April 2020 / Revised: 5 June 2020 / Accepted: 8 June 2020 / Published: 12 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Responses to Salt Stress in Crop Plants)
Understanding the mechanisms of plant tolerance to osmotic and chemical stress is fundamental to maintaining high crop productivity. Soil drought often occurs in combination with physiological drought, which causes chemical stress due to high concentrations of ions. Hence, it is often assumed that the acclimatization of plants to salinity and drought follows the same mechanisms. Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) is a legume plant with extraordinary tolerance to severe drought and moderate salinity. The aim of the presented study was to compare acclimatization strategies of grass pea seedlings to osmotic (PEG) and chemical (NaCl) stress on a physiological level. Concentrations of NaCl and PEG were adjusted to create an osmotic potential of a medium at the level of 0.0, −0.45 and −0.65 MPa. The seedlings on the media with PEG were much smaller than those growing in the presence of NaCl, but had a significantly higher content percentage of dry weight. Moreover, the stressors triggered different accumulation patterns of phenolic compounds, soluble and insoluble sugars, proline and β-N-oxalyl-L-α,β-diamino propionic acid, as well as peroxidase and catalase activity. Our results showed that drought stress induced a resistance mechanism consisting of growth rate limitation in favor of osmotic adjustment, while salinity stress induced primarily the mechanisms of efficient compartmentation of harmful ions in the roots and shoots. Furthermore, our results indicated that grass pea plants differed in their response to drought and salinity from the very beginning of stress occurrence. View Full-Text
Keywords: abiotic stress; antioxidants; grass pea; NaCl; ODAP; osmotic potential; PEG abiotic stress; antioxidants; grass pea; NaCl; ODAP; osmotic potential; PEG
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tokarz, B.; Wójtowicz, T.; Makowski, W.; Jędrzejczyk, R.J.; Tokarz, K.M. What is the Difference between the Response of Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) to Salinity and Drought Stress?—A Physiological Study. Agronomy 2020, 10, 833. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10060833

AMA Style

Tokarz B, Wójtowicz T, Makowski W, Jędrzejczyk RJ, Tokarz KM. What is the Difference between the Response of Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) to Salinity and Drought Stress?—A Physiological Study. Agronomy. 2020; 10(6):833. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10060833

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tokarz, Barbara; Wójtowicz, Tomasz; Makowski, Wojciech; Jędrzejczyk, Roman J.; Tokarz, Krzysztof M. 2020. "What is the Difference between the Response of Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) to Salinity and Drought Stress?—A Physiological Study" Agronomy 10, no. 6: 833. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10060833

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