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Open AccessReview

Influence of Environmental Factors Light, CO2, Temperature, and Relative Humidity on Stomatal Opening and Development: A Review

1
Department of Biosystems-MeBioS, KU Leuven, Willem De Croylaan 42, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
2
Department of Biology-Laboratory of Molecular Plant Biology, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
3
Department of Biosystems-Crop Biotechnics, KU Leuven, Willem De Croylaan 42, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
4
Department of Biosystems-MeBioS, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 30, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(12), 1975; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121975
Received: 14 November 2020 / Revised: 11 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 December 2020 / Published: 15 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stomata, Photosynthesis and Plant Water Use Efficiency)
Stomata, the microscopic pores surrounded by a pair of guard cells on the surfaces of leaves and stems, play an essential role in regulating the gas exchange between a plant and the surrounding atmosphere. Stomatal development and opening are significantly influenced by environmental conditions, both in the short and long term. The rapid rate of current climate change has been affecting stomatal responses, as a new balance between photosynthesis and water-use efficiency has to be found. Understanding the mechanisms involved in stomatal regulation and adjustment provides us with new insights into the ability of stomata to process information and evolve over time. In this review, we summarize the recent advances in research on the underlying mechanisms of the interaction between environmental factors and stomatal development and opening. Specific emphasis is placed on the environmental factors including light, CO2 concentration, ambient temperature, and relative humidity, as these factors play a significant role in understanding the impact of global climate change on plant development. View Full-Text
Keywords: environment; stomata; climate change; stomatal opening; stomatal development environment; stomata; climate change; stomatal opening; stomatal development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Driesen, E.; Van den Ende, W.; De Proft, M.; Saeys, W. Influence of Environmental Factors Light, CO2, Temperature, and Relative Humidity on Stomatal Opening and Development: A Review. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1975. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121975

AMA Style

Driesen E, Van den Ende W, De Proft M, Saeys W. Influence of Environmental Factors Light, CO2, Temperature, and Relative Humidity on Stomatal Opening and Development: A Review. Agronomy. 2020; 10(12):1975. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121975

Chicago/Turabian Style

Driesen, Elisa; Van den Ende, Wim; De Proft, Maurice; Saeys, Wouter. 2020. "Influence of Environmental Factors Light, CO2, Temperature, and Relative Humidity on Stomatal Opening and Development: A Review" Agronomy 10, no. 12: 1975. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121975

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