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Review

Characterisation of Selected Materials in Medical Applications

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Doctoral School of Engineering and Technical Sciences, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
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Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
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Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
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Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
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Institute of Medical Science, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
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Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Fryderyk Chopin Clinical Voivodeship Hospital No.1 in Rzeszow, 35-055 Rzeszow, Poland
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Institute of Physics, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
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Faculty of Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Young-Sam Cho
Polymers 2022, 14(8), 1526; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14081526
Received: 21 March 2022 / Revised: 1 April 2022 / Accepted: 6 April 2022 / Published: 9 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Composites Used in the 3D Printing Process)
Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field of science that has developed very intensively in recent years. The first part of this review describes materials with medical and dental applications from the following groups: metals, polymers, ceramics, and composites. Both positive and negative sides of their application are presented from the point of view of medical application and mechanical properties. A variety of techniques for the manufacture of biomedical components are presented in this review. The main focus of this work is on additive manufacturing and 3D printing, as these modern techniques have been evaluated to be the best methods for the manufacture of medical and dental devices. The second part presents devices for skull bone reconstruction. The materials from which they are made and the possibilities offered by 3D printing in this field are also described. The last part concerns dental transitional implants (scaffolds) for guided bone regeneration, focusing on polylactide–hydroxyapatite nanocomposite due to its unique properties. This section summarises the current knowledge of scaffolds, focusing on the material, mechanical and biological requirements, the effects of these devices on the human body, and their great potential for applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: guided bone regeneration; additive manufacturing; scaffolds; transitional implant; nanocomposite; hydroxyapatite; polylactide; 3D printing; cranioplasty guided bone regeneration; additive manufacturing; scaffolds; transitional implant; nanocomposite; hydroxyapatite; polylactide; 3D printing; cranioplasty
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kroczek, K.; Turek, P.; Mazur, D.; Szczygielski, J.; Filip, D.; Brodowski, R.; Balawender, K.; Przeszłowski, Ł.; Lewandowski, B.; Orkisz, S.; Mazur, A.; Budzik, G.; Cebulski, J.; Oleksy, M. Characterisation of Selected Materials in Medical Applications. Polymers 2022, 14, 1526. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14081526

AMA Style

Kroczek K, Turek P, Mazur D, Szczygielski J, Filip D, Brodowski R, Balawender K, Przeszłowski Ł, Lewandowski B, Orkisz S, Mazur A, Budzik G, Cebulski J, Oleksy M. Characterisation of Selected Materials in Medical Applications. Polymers. 2022; 14(8):1526. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14081526

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kroczek, Kacper, Paweł Turek, Damian Mazur, Jacek Szczygielski, Damian Filip, Robert Brodowski, Krzysztof Balawender, Łukasz Przeszłowski, Bogumił Lewandowski, Stanisław Orkisz, Artur Mazur, Grzegorz Budzik, Józef Cebulski, and Mariusz Oleksy. 2022. "Characterisation of Selected Materials in Medical Applications" Polymers 14, no. 8: 1526. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14081526

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