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Review

A Review on Current Strategies for the Modulation of Thermomechanical, Barrier, and Biodegradation Properties of Poly (Butylene Succinate) (PBS) and Its Random Copolymers

by 1,2, 3, 1,* and 2,4,*
1
Institute of Polymer Science and Technology ICTP-CSIC, Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, Spain
2
POLYMAT and Department of Polymers and Advanced Materials: Physics, Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Paseo Manuel de Lardizabal 3, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
3
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, CAS Key Laboratory of Engineering Plastics, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
4
Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, Plaza Euskadi 5, 48009 Bilbao, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nathanael Guigo
Polymers 2022, 14(5), 1025; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14051025
Received: 31 January 2022 / Revised: 23 February 2022 / Accepted: 1 March 2022 / Published: 3 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Collection Design and Synthesis of Polymers)
The impact of plastics on the environment can be mitigated by employing biobased and/or biodegradable materials (i.e., bioplastics) instead of the traditional “commodities”. In this context, poly (butylene succinate) (PBS) emerges as one of the most promising alternatives due to its good mechanical, thermal, and barrier properties, making it suitable for use in a wide range of applications. Still, the PBS has some drawbacks, such as its high crystallinity, which must be overcome to position it as a real and viable alternative to “commodities”. This contribution covers the actual state-of-the-art of the PBS through different sections. The first section reviews the different synthesis routes, providing a complete picture regarding the obtained molecular weights and the greener alternatives. Afterward, we examine how different strategies such as random copolymerization and the incorporation of fillers can effectively modulate PBS properties to satisfy the needs for different applications. The impact of these strategies is evaluated in the crystallization behavior, crystallinity, mechanical and barrier properties, and biodegradation. The biodegradation is carefully analyzed, highlighting the wide variety of methodologies existing in the literature to measure PBS degradation through different routes (hydrolytic, enzymatic, and soil). View Full-Text
Keywords: poly (butylene succinate); copolymerization; biocomposites; mechanical properties; crystallization; barrier properties; degradation poly (butylene succinate); copolymerization; biocomposites; mechanical properties; crystallization; barrier properties; degradation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peñas, M.I.; Pérez-Camargo, R.A.; Hernández, R.; Müller, A.J. A Review on Current Strategies for the Modulation of Thermomechanical, Barrier, and Biodegradation Properties of Poly (Butylene Succinate) (PBS) and Its Random Copolymers. Polymers 2022, 14, 1025. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14051025

AMA Style

Peñas MI, Pérez-Camargo RA, Hernández R, Müller AJ. A Review on Current Strategies for the Modulation of Thermomechanical, Barrier, and Biodegradation Properties of Poly (Butylene Succinate) (PBS) and Its Random Copolymers. Polymers. 2022; 14(5):1025. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14051025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peñas, Mario I., Ricardo A. Pérez-Camargo, Rebeca Hernández, and Alejandro J. Müller. 2022. "A Review on Current Strategies for the Modulation of Thermomechanical, Barrier, and Biodegradation Properties of Poly (Butylene Succinate) (PBS) and Its Random Copolymers" Polymers 14, no. 5: 1025. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14051025

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