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Article

Characterization of Dental Pulp Stem Cells Response to Bone Substitutes Biomaterials in Dentistry

1
Department of Surgery, Medicine, Dentistry and Morphological Sciences with Interest in Transplant, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, 41125 Modena, Italy
2
Operative Unit of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department Integrated Activity-Specialist Surgeries, University-Hospital of Modena, 41125 Modena, Italy
3
CNR-Institute of Molecular Genetics “Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza”, Unit of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hsiuying Wang
Polymers 2022, 14(11), 2223; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14112223
Received: 10 May 2022 / Revised: 26 May 2022 / Accepted: 28 May 2022 / Published: 30 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomaterials in Medical Applications)
Bone substitute biomaterials (BSBs) represent a promising alternative to bone autografts, due to their biocompatibility, osteoconduction, slow resorption rates, and the ability to define and maintain volume for bone gain in dentistry. Many biomaterials are tailored to provide structural and biological support for bone regeneration, and allow the migration of bone-forming cells into the bone defect. Neural crest-derived stem cells isolated from human dental pulp (hDPSCs) represent a suitable stem cell source to study the biological effects of BSBs on osteoprogenitor cells involved in the physiological bone regenerative processes. This study aimed to evaluate how three different BSBs affect the stem cell properties, osteogenic differentiation, and inflammatory properties of hDPSCs. Our data highlight that BSBs do not alter cell proliferation and stemness markers expression, nor induce any inflammatory responses. Bone metabolism data show that hDPSCs exposed to the three BSBs distinctively secrete the factors supporting osteoblast activity and osteoclast activity. Our data indicate that (i) hDPSCs are a suitable stem cell source to study the effects of BSBs, and that (ii) the formulation of BSBs may condition the biological properties of stem cells, suggesting their versatile suitability to different dentistry applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: human dental pulp stem cells; neural crest; osteogenic differentiation human dental pulp stem cells; neural crest; osteogenic differentiation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Di Tinco, R.; Consolo, U.; Pisciotta, A.; Orlandi, G.; Bertani, G.; Nasi, M.; Bertacchini, J.; Carnevale, G. Characterization of Dental Pulp Stem Cells Response to Bone Substitutes Biomaterials in Dentistry. Polymers 2022, 14, 2223. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14112223

AMA Style

Di Tinco R, Consolo U, Pisciotta A, Orlandi G, Bertani G, Nasi M, Bertacchini J, Carnevale G. Characterization of Dental Pulp Stem Cells Response to Bone Substitutes Biomaterials in Dentistry. Polymers. 2022; 14(11):2223. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14112223

Chicago/Turabian Style

Di Tinco, Rosanna, Ugo Consolo, Alessandra Pisciotta, Giulia Orlandi, Giulia Bertani, Milena Nasi, Jessika Bertacchini, and Gianluca Carnevale. 2022. "Characterization of Dental Pulp Stem Cells Response to Bone Substitutes Biomaterials in Dentistry" Polymers 14, no. 11: 2223. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14112223

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