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Review

Current Status of Cellulosic and Nanocellulosic Materials for Oil Spill Cleanup

1
Fraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging IVV, 85354 Freising, Germany
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Mechanical Design & Production Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Cairo 12613, Egypt
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Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3, Canada
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Cellulose and Paper Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza 12611, Egypt
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Environmental Health and Safety Program, College of Health Sciences, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi 51133, United Arab Emirates
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mirta I. Aranguren
Polymers 2021, 13(16), 2739; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13162739
Received: 18 July 2021 / Revised: 5 August 2021 / Accepted: 9 August 2021 / Published: 16 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocellulose: Polymer Nanocomposites and all-Cellulose Materials)
Recent developments in the application of lignocellulosic materials for oil spill removal are discussed in this review article. The types of lignocellulosic substrate material and their different chemical and physical modification strategies and basic preparation techniques are presented. The morphological features and the related separation mechanisms of the materials are summarized. The material types were classified into 3D-materials such as hydrophobic and oleophobic sponges and aerogels, or 2D-materials such as membranes, fabrics, films, and meshes. It was found that, particularly for 3D-materials, there is a clear correlation between the material properties, mainly porosity and density, and their absorption performance. Furthermore, it was shown that nanocellulosic precursors are not exclusively suitable to achieve competitive porosity and therefore absorption performance, but also bulk cellulose materials. This finding could lead to developments in cost- and energy-efficient production processes of future lignocellulosic oil spillage removal materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: cellulose; nanocellulose; oil spillage removal; aerogels; membranes; fabrics; chemical modification; separation; absorption cellulose; nanocellulose; oil spillage removal; aerogels; membranes; fabrics; chemical modification; separation; absorption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fürtauer, S.; Hassan, M.; Elsherbiny, A.; Gabal, S.A.; Mehanny, S.; Abushammala, H. Current Status of Cellulosic and Nanocellulosic Materials for Oil Spill Cleanup. Polymers 2021, 13, 2739. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13162739

AMA Style

Fürtauer S, Hassan M, Elsherbiny A, Gabal SA, Mehanny S, Abushammala H. Current Status of Cellulosic and Nanocellulosic Materials for Oil Spill Cleanup. Polymers. 2021; 13(16):2739. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13162739

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fürtauer, Siegfried, Mostafa Hassan, Ahmed Elsherbiny, Shaimaa A. Gabal, Sherif Mehanny, and Hatem Abushammala. 2021. "Current Status of Cellulosic and Nanocellulosic Materials for Oil Spill Cleanup" Polymers 13, no. 16: 2739. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13162739

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