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Open AccessArticle

Acoustic, Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Green Composites Reinforced with Natural Fibers Waste

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Faculty of Textile Engineering, National Textile University, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
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Protective Textile Group, National Textile University, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
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Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Praha-Suchdol, Czech Republic
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Department of Machinery Construction, Institute for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technology and Innovation, Technical University of Liberec, Studentska 2, 46117 Liberec, Czech Republic
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Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Studentska 2, 46117 Liberec, Czech Republic
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(3), 654; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12030654
Received: 7 February 2020 / Revised: 6 March 2020 / Accepted: 11 March 2020 / Published: 13 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Materials in Environmental Chemistry)
The use of acoustic panels is one of the most important methods for sound insulation in buildings. Moreover, it has become increasingly important to use green/natural origin materials in this area to reduce environmental impact. This study focuses on the investigation of acoustic, mechanical and thermal properties of natural fiber waste reinforced green epoxy composites. Three different types of fiber wastes were used, e.g., cotton, coconut and sugarcane with epoxy as the resin. Different fiber volume fractions, i.e., 10%, 15% and 20% for each fiber were used with a composite thickness of 3 mm. The sound absorption coefficient, impact strength, flexural strength, thermal conductivity, diffusivity, coefficient of thermal expansion and thermogravimetric properties of all samples were investigated. It has been found that by increasing the fiber content, the sound absorption coefficient also increases. The coconut fiber-based composites show a higher sound absorption coefficient than in the other fiber-reinforced composites. The impact and flexural strength of the cotton fiber-reinforced composite samples are higher than in other samples. The coefficient of thermal expansion of the cotton fiber-based composite is also higher than the other composites. Thermogravimetric analysis revealed that all the natural fiber-reinforced composites can sustain till 300 °C with a minor weight loss. The natural fiber-based composites can be used in building interiors, automotive body parts and household furniture. Such composite development is an ecofriendly approach to the acoustic world. View Full-Text
Keywords: sound absorption coefficient; impact strength; flexural strength; coefficient of thermal expansion; bio-composite sound absorption coefficient; impact strength; flexural strength; coefficient of thermal expansion; bio-composite
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Hassan, T.; Jamshaid, H.; Mishra, R.; Khan, M.Q.; Petru, M.; Novak, J.; Choteborsky, R.; Hromasova, M. Acoustic, Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Green Composites Reinforced with Natural Fibers Waste. Polymers 2020, 12, 654.

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