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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Polyphosphates on the Physicochemical Properties of Poly (Vinyl Chloride) after Irradiation with Ultraviolet Light

1
Cornea Research Chair, Department of Optometry, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 10219, Riyadh 11433, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Medical Instrumentation Engineering, Al-Mansour University College, Baghdad 64021, Iraq
3
Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad 64021, Iraq
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National Center for Petrochemicals Technology, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(1), 193; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12010193
Received: 28 November 2019 / Revised: 24 December 2019 / Accepted: 8 January 2020 / Published: 10 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Host-Guest Polymer Complexes II)
Three new polyphosphates were synthesized in good yields by reacting diethylenetriamine with the appropriate phosphate ester in ethanol under acidic conditions. The polyphosphate structures were determined using FT-IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopies, and their elemental compositions were confirmed by EDX spectroscopy. Polyphosphates were added to poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) at low concentrations to fabricate thin films. The PVC films were irradiated with ultraviolet light for long periods, and the effect of polyphosphates as the photostabilizer was investigated by determining changes in the infrared spectra (intensity of specific functional group peaks), reduction in molecular weight, weight loss, and surface morphology. Minimal changes were seen for PVC films containing polyphosphate compared to that for the blank film. In addition, optical, scanning electron, and atomic force microscopies were used to inspect the surface morphology of films. Undesirable changes due to photodegradation were negligible in PVC films containing additives compared to films containing no additives. In addition, the surfaces were smoother and more homogeneous. Polyphosphates, and in particular ones that contain an ortho-geometry, act as efficient photostabilizers to reduce the rate of photodegradation. Polyphosphates absorb ultraviolet light, chelate with polymeric chains, scavenge radical moieties, and decompose peroxide residues.
Keywords: poly(vinyl chloride); polyphosphates; photostabilization; depression in average molecular weight; indices of functional groups; surface morphology poly(vinyl chloride); polyphosphates; photostabilization; depression in average molecular weight; indices of functional groups; surface morphology
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MDPI and ACS Style

El-Hiti, G.A.; Ahmed, D.S.; Yousif, E.; Alotaibi, M.H.; Satar, H.A.; Ahmed, A.A. Influence of Polyphosphates on the Physicochemical Properties of Poly (Vinyl Chloride) after Irradiation with Ultraviolet Light. Polymers 2020, 12, 193.

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