Nanostructured Composites Based on Liquid-Crystalline Elastomers
AbstractLiquid-crystalline elastomers (LCEs) are the object of many research investigations due to their reversible and controllable shape deformations, and their high potential for use in the field of soft robots and artificial muscles. This review focuses on recent studies about polymer composites based on LCEs and nanomaterials having different chemistry and morphology, with the aim of instilling new physical properties into LCEs. The synthesis, physico-chemical characterization, actuation properties, and applications of LCE-based composites reported in the literature are reviewed. Several cases are discussed: (1) the addition of various carbon nanomaterials to LCEs, from carbon black to carbon nanotubes, to the recent attempts to include graphene layers to enhance the thermo-mechanic properties of LCEs; (2) the use of various types of nanoparticles, such as ferroelectric ceramics, gold nanoparticles, conductive molybdenum-oxide nanowires, and magnetic iron-oxide nanoparticles, to induce electro-actuation, magnetic-actuation, or photo-actuation into the LCE-based composites; (3) the deposition on LCE surfaces of thin layers of conductive materials (i.e., conductive polymers and gold nanolayers) to produce bending actuation by applying on/off voltage cycles or surface-wrinkling phenomena in view of tunable optical applications. Some future perspectives of this field of soft materials conclude the review. View Full-Text
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Cresta, V.; Romano, G.; Kolpak, A.; Zalar, B.; Domenici, V. Nanostructured Composites Based on Liquid-Crystalline Elastomers. Polymers 2018, 10, 773.
Cresta V, Romano G, Kolpak A, Zalar B, Domenici V. Nanostructured Composites Based on Liquid-Crystalline Elastomers. Polymers. 2018; 10(7):773.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cresta, Vanessa; Romano, Giuseppe; Kolpak, Alexej; Zalar, Boštjan; Domenici, Valentina. 2018. "Nanostructured Composites Based on Liquid-Crystalline Elastomers." Polymers 10, no. 7: 773.
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