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Open AccessArticle

Soluble Electrochromic Polymers Incorporating Benzoselenadiazole and Electron Donor Units (Carbazole or Fluorene): Synthesis and Electronic-Optical Properties

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College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China
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Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252059, China
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Dongchang Colledge, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252059, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2018, 10(4), 450; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10040450
Received: 25 March 2018 / Revised: 12 April 2018 / Accepted: 14 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrochromic Polymers)
A series of π-conjugated polymers containing alternating benzoselenadiazole (BSe)-bi(thiophene derivative)-carbazole or benzoththiadiazole (BSe)-bi(thiophene derivative)-fluorene units were designed and synthesized. Thiophene derivatives, namely 3-hexylthiophene, 3,4-bihexyloxythiophene, and 3,4-bioctyloxythiophene, were used as the π-bridges of the polymers. The polymers were characterized in detail in terms of their thermal stabilities, cyclic voltammograms, UV-Vis absorption, spectroelectrochemistry, dynamic switching property and so forth. The alkoxy thiophene π-bridged polymers have lower onset oxidation potentials and bandgaps than that of their corresponding alkyl thiophene π-bridged polymers. The selection of the donor units between the carbazole and the fluorene units has nearly no effect on the bandgaps and colors as well as the onset oxidation potentials of the polymers. The increase in the length of the side alkyl chains on the thiophene ring caused a slight increase in the polymer bandgap, which may be caused by the space hindrance effect. The dynamic switching abilities of the polymers were obtained by the chronoabsorptometry method, and the results also suggested that the alkoxy thiophene-containing polymers (as π-bridges) have higher contrast ratios than the corresponding alkyl thiophene-containing polymers. Furthermore, the increase in the length of the side alkyl chain might have a detrimental effect on the optical contrast ratios of the polymers. View Full-Text
Keywords: benzoselenadiazole; carbazole; fluorene; conjugated polymer; electrochromic; solution processable benzoselenadiazole; carbazole; fluorene; conjugated polymer; electrochromic; solution processable
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, J.; Ji, Q.; Kong, L.; Du, H.; Ju, X.; Zhao, J. Soluble Electrochromic Polymers Incorporating Benzoselenadiazole and Electron Donor Units (Carbazole or Fluorene): Synthesis and Electronic-Optical Properties. Polymers 2018, 10, 450.

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