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Crystals 2017, 7(7), 219;

A Review on Metal Nanoparticles Nucleation and Growth on/in Graphene

Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia-Università di Catania and MATIS IMM-CNR, via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania, Italy
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche—Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems (CNR-IMM), Strada VIII, 5 I-95121 Catania, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2017 / Revised: 4 July 2017 / Accepted: 11 July 2017 / Published: 13 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integration of 2D Materials for Electronics Applications)


In this review, the fundamental aspects (with particular focus to the microscopic thermodynamics and kinetics mechanisms) concerning the fabrication of graphene-metal nanoparticles composites are discussed. In particular, the attention is devoted to those fabrication methods involving vapor-phase depositions of metals on/in graphene-based materials. Graphene-metal nanoparticles composites are, nowadays, widely investigated both from a basic scientific and from several technological point of views. In fact, these graphene-based systems present wide-range tunable and functional electrical, optical, and mechanical properties which can be exploited for the design and production of innovative and high-efficiency devices. This research field is, so, a wide and multidisciplinary section in the nanotechnology field of study. So, this review aims to discuss, in a synthetic and systematic framework, the basic microscopic mechanisms and processes involved in metal nanoparticles formation on graphene sheets by physical vapor deposition methods and on their evolution by post-deposition processes. This is made by putting at the basis of the discussions some specific examples to draw insights on the common general physical and chemical properties and parameters involved in the synergistic interaction processes between graphene and metals. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene; metal nanoparticles; nanocomposites; physical vapor deposition; kinetics graphene; metal nanoparticles; nanocomposites; physical vapor deposition; kinetics

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Ruffino, F.; Giannazzo, F. A Review on Metal Nanoparticles Nucleation and Growth on/in Graphene. Crystals 2017, 7, 219.

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