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Crystals 2017, 7(7), 221;

Understanding Mn-Based Intercalation Cathodes from Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Qingdao Institute of bioenergy and bioprocess technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 June 2017 / Revised: 7 July 2017 / Accepted: 11 July 2017 / Published: 13 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solution-Processed Inorganic Functional Crystals)
PDF [2569 KB, uploaded 14 July 2017]


A series of Mn-based intercalation compounds have been applied as the cathode materials of Li-ion batteries, such as LiMn2O4, LiNi1xyCoxMnyO2, etc. With open structures, intercalation compounds exhibit a wide variety of thermodynamic and kinetic properties depending on their crystal structures, host chemistries, etc. Understanding these materials from thermodynamic and kinetic points of view can facilitate the exploration of cathodes with better electrochemical performances. This article reviews the current available thermodynamic and kinetic knowledge on Mn-based intercalation compounds, including the thermal stability, structural intrinsic features, involved redox couples, phase transformations as well as the electrical and ionic conductivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium battery; Mn-based cathodes; thermodynamics; kinetics lithium battery; Mn-based cathodes; thermodynamics; kinetics

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Xie, Y.; Jin, Y.; Xiang, L. Understanding Mn-Based Intercalation Cathodes from Thermodynamics and Kinetics. Crystals 2017, 7, 221.

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