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Open AccessArticle

Catalyst Performance in the HDPE Pyrolysis-Reforming under Reaction-Regeneration Cycles

Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of the Basque Country, 644—E48080 Bilbao, Spain
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Catalysts 2019, 9(5), 414; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9050414
Received: 21 March 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 2 May 2019
The performance of a Ni commercial catalyst has been studied under reaction-regeneration cycles in a continuous process consisting of the flash pyrolysis (500 °C) of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) in a conical spouted bed reactor (CSBR), followed by catalytic steam reforming in-line (700 ºC) of the volatiles formed in a fluidized bed reactor. The catalyst is regenerated between reactions by coke combustion in situ in the reforming reactor, using a sequence of air concentrations and following a temperature ramp between 600 and 700 °C. Several analytical techniques (TPO, TEM, XRD, and TPR) have proven that the catalyst does not fully recover its initial activity by coke combustion due to the sintering of Ni0 active sites. This sintering process is steadily attenuated in the successive reaction-regeneration cycles and the catalyst approaches a steady state. View Full-Text
Keywords: plastic waste; hydrogen; deactivation; regeneration; steam reforming; Ni catalyst plastic waste; hydrogen; deactivation; regeneration; steam reforming; Ni catalyst
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barbarias, I.; Artetxe, M.; Lopez, G.; Arregi, A.; Santamaria, L.; Bilbao, J.; Olazar, M. Catalyst Performance in the HDPE Pyrolysis-Reforming under Reaction-Regeneration Cycles. Catalysts 2019, 9, 414.

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