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Co-, Cu- and Fe-Doped Ni/Al2O3 Catalysts for the Catalytic Decomposition of Methane into Hydrogen and Carbon Nanofibers

Instituto de Carboquímica, CSIC, Miguel Luesma Castán 4, Zaragoza 50018, Spain
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Catalysts 2018, 8(8), 300; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8080300
Received: 11 July 2018 / Revised: 25 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 27 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Catalytic Materials)
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Abstract

The catalytic decomposition of methane (CDM) process produces hydrogen in a single stage and avoids CO2 emission thanks to the formation of high added value carbon nanofilaments as a by-product. In this work, Ni monometallic and Ni–Co, Ni–Cu, and Ni–Fe bimetallic catalysts are tested in the CDM reaction for the obtention of fishbone carbon nanofibers (CNF). Catalysts, in which Al2O3 is used as textural promoter in their formulation, are based on Ni as main active phase for the carbon formation and on Co, Cu, or Fe as dopants in order to obtain alloys with improved catalytic behaviour. Characterization of bimetallic catalysts showed the formation of particles of Ni alloys with a bimodal size distribution. For the doping content studied (5 mol. %), only Cu formed an alloy with a lattice constant high enough to be able to favor the carbon diffusion through the catalytic particle against surface diffusion, resulting in higher carbon formations, longer activity times, and activity at 750 °C; whereas Ni, Ni–Co, and Ni–Fe catalysts were inactive. On the other hand, Fe also improved the undoped catalyst performance presenting a higher carbon formation at 700 °C and the obtention of narrow carbon nanofilaments from active Ni3Fe crystallites. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ni catalysts; bimetallic catalysts; hydrogen; catalytic decomposition of methane; thermogravimetric analysis; carbon nanofibers Ni catalysts; bimetallic catalysts; hydrogen; catalytic decomposition of methane; thermogravimetric analysis; carbon nanofibers
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Torres, D.; Pinilla, J.L.; Suelves, I. Co-, Cu- and Fe-Doped Ni/Al2O3 Catalysts for the Catalytic Decomposition of Methane into Hydrogen and Carbon Nanofibers. Catalysts 2018, 8, 300.

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