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Open AccessReview

Potential of Pervaporation and Vapor Separation with Water Selective Membranes for an Optimized Production of Biofuels—A Review

National Council of Research, Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, CNR-ITAE, via S. Lucia sopra Contesse 5, 98126 Messina, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martin van Sint Annaland
Catalysts 2017, 7(6), 187;
Received: 28 April 2017 / Revised: 28 May 2017 / Accepted: 4 June 2017 / Published: 9 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalysis in Membrane Reactors)
The development of processes based on the integration of new technologies is of growing interest to industrial catalysis. Recently, significant efforts have been focused on the design of catalytic membrane reactors to improve process performance. In particular, the use of membranes, that allow a selective permeation of water from the reaction mixture, positively affects the reaction evolution by improving conversion for all reactions thermodynamically or kinetically limited by the presence of water. In this paper, how pervaporation (PV) and vapor permeation (VP) technologies can improve the catalytic performance of reactions of industrial interest is considered. Specifically, technological approaches proposed in the literature are discussed with the aim of highlighting advantages and problems encountered in order to address research towards the optimization of membrane reactor configurations for liquid biofuel production in large scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: pervaporation; vapor permeation; biofuels production; membranes pervaporation; vapor permeation; biofuels production; membranes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cannilla, C.; Bonura, G.; Frusteri, F. Potential of Pervaporation and Vapor Separation with Water Selective Membranes for an Optimized Production of Biofuels—A Review. Catalysts 2017, 7, 187.

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