Next Article in Journal
Using Laccases in the Nanoflower to Synthesize Viniferin
Next Article in Special Issue
Low-Temperature Synthesis of Anatase/Rutile/Brookite TiO2 Nanoparticles on a Polymer Membrane for Photocatalysis
Previous Article in Journal
Immobilized Palladium Nanoparticles on Zirconium Carboxy-Aminophosphonates Nanosheets as an Efficient Recoverable Heterogeneous Catalyst for Suzuki–Miyaura and Heck Coupling
Previous Article in Special Issue
Catalyst, Membrane, Free Electrolyte Challenges, and Pathways to Resolutions in High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Potential of Pervaporation and Vapor Separation with Water Selective Membranes for an Optimized Production of Biofuels—A Review

National Council of Research, Institute for Advanced Energy Technologies “Nicola Giordano”, CNR-ITAE, via S. Lucia sopra Contesse 5, 98126 Messina, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martin van Sint Annaland
Catalysts 2017, 7(6), 187;
Received: 28 April 2017 / Revised: 28 May 2017 / Accepted: 4 June 2017 / Published: 9 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalysis in Membrane Reactors)
PDF [2001 KB, uploaded 9 June 2017]


The development of processes based on the integration of new technologies is of growing interest to industrial catalysis. Recently, significant efforts have been focused on the design of catalytic membrane reactors to improve process performance. In particular, the use of membranes, that allow a selective permeation of water from the reaction mixture, positively affects the reaction evolution by improving conversion for all reactions thermodynamically or kinetically limited by the presence of water. In this paper, how pervaporation (PV) and vapor permeation (VP) technologies can improve the catalytic performance of reactions of industrial interest is considered. Specifically, technological approaches proposed in the literature are discussed with the aim of highlighting advantages and problems encountered in order to address research towards the optimization of membrane reactor configurations for liquid biofuel production in large scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: pervaporation; vapor permeation; biofuels production; membranes pervaporation; vapor permeation; biofuels production; membranes

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cannilla, C.; Bonura, G.; Frusteri, F. Potential of Pervaporation and Vapor Separation with Water Selective Membranes for an Optimized Production of Biofuels—A Review. Catalysts 2017, 7, 187.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Catalysts EISSN 2073-4344 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top