Gold Catalysts on Y-Doped Ceria Supports for Complete Benzene Oxidation
AbstractGold (3 wt. %) catalysts on Y-doped (1, 2.5, 5 and 7.5 wt. % Y2O3) ceria supports prepared by coprecipitation (CP) or impregnation (IM) were studied in complete benzene oxidation (CBO). A low-extent Y modification was chosen to avoid ordering of oxygen vacancies. The samples were characterized by XRD, TGA, XPS and TPR techniques. A positive role of air pretreatment at 350 °C as compared to 200 °C was established for all Y-containing catalysts and it was explained by cleaning the active sites from carbonates. The oxygen supply cannot be considered as a limiting step for benzene oxidation except for the high 7.5%-doped samples, as suggested by TGA and TPR data. On the basis of XPS results of fresh and used in CBO catalysts, the presence of cationic gold species does not seem important for high CBO activity. The gold catalyst on an IM support with 1% Y-doping exhibited the best performance. A 100% benzene conversion was achieved only over this catalyst and Au/ceria, while it was not reached even at 300 °C over all other studied catalysts. Gold and ceria particle agglomeration or coke formation should be excluded as a possible reason, and the most probable explanation could be associated with the importance of the benzene activation stage. View Full-Text
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Ilieva, L.; Petrova, P.; Liotta, L.F.; Sobczak, J.W.; Lisowski, W.; Kaszkur, Z.; Munteanu, G.; Tabakova, T. Gold Catalysts on Y-Doped Ceria Supports for Complete Benzene Oxidation. Catalysts 2016, 6, 99.
Ilieva L, Petrova P, Liotta LF, Sobczak JW, Lisowski W, Kaszkur Z, Munteanu G, Tabakova T. Gold Catalysts on Y-Doped Ceria Supports for Complete Benzene Oxidation. Catalysts. 2016; 6(7):99.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ilieva, Lyuba; Petrova, Petya; Liotta, Leonarda F.; Sobczak, Janusz W.; Lisowski, Wojciech; Kaszkur, Zbigniew; Munteanu, Gabriel; Tabakova, Tatyana. 2016. "Gold Catalysts on Y-Doped Ceria Supports for Complete Benzene Oxidation." Catalysts 6, no. 7: 99.
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