Novel Mesoporous Carbon Supports for PEMFC Catalysts
AbstractOver the past decade; a significant amount of research has been performed on novel carbon supports for use in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Specifically, carbon nanotubes, ordered mesoporous carbon, and colloid imprinted carbons have shown great promise for improving the activity and/or stability of Pt-based nanoparticle catalysts. In this work, a brief overview of these materials is given, followed by an in-depth discussion of our recent work highlighting the importance of carbon wall thickness when designing novel carbon supports for PEMFC applications. Four colloid imprinted carbons (CICs) were synthesized using a silica colloid imprinting method, with the resulting CICs having pores of 15 (CIC-15), 26 (CIC-26), 50 (CIC-50) and 80 (CIC-80) nm. These four CICs were loaded with 10 wt. % Pt and then evaluated as oxygen reduction (ORR) catalysts for use in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. To gain insight into the poorer performance of Pt/CIC-26 vs. the other three Pt/CICs, TEM tomography was performed, indicating that CIC-26 had much thinner walls (0–3 nm) than the other CICs and resulting in a higher resistance (leading to distributed potentials) through the catalyst layer during operation. This explanation for the poorer performance of Pt/CIC-26 was supported by theoretical calculations, suggesting that the internal wall thickness of these nanoporous CICs is critical to the future design of porous carbon supports. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Banham, D.; Feng, F.; Fürstenhaupt, T.; Pei, K.; Ye, S.; Birss, V. Novel Mesoporous Carbon Supports for PEMFC Catalysts. Catalysts 2015, 5, 1046-1067.
Banham D, Feng F, Fürstenhaupt T, Pei K, Ye S, Birss V. Novel Mesoporous Carbon Supports for PEMFC Catalysts. Catalysts. 2015; 5(3):1046-1067.Chicago/Turabian Style
Banham, Dustin; Feng, Fangxia; Fürstenhaupt, Tobias; Pei, Katie; Ye, Siyu; Birss, Viola. 2015. "Novel Mesoporous Carbon Supports for PEMFC Catalysts." Catalysts 5, no. 3: 1046-1067.