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Heterogeneous Catalyst Deactivation and Regeneration: A Review

Chemical Engineering Department, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Keith Hohn
Catalysts 2015, 5(1), 145-269;
Received: 30 December 2013 / Revised: 26 February 2014 / Accepted: 12 September 2014 / Published: 26 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Catalyst Deactivation)
Deactivation of heterogeneous catalysts is a ubiquitous problem that causes loss of catalytic rate with time. This review on deactivation and regeneration of heterogeneous catalysts classifies deactivation by type (chemical, thermal, and mechanical) and by mechanism (poisoning, fouling, thermal degradation, vapor formation, vapor-solid and solid-solid reactions, and attrition/crushing). The key features and considerations for each of these deactivation types is reviewed in detail with reference to the latest literature reports in these areas. Two case studies on the deactivation mechanisms of catalysts used for cobalt Fischer-Tropsch and selective catalytic reduction are considered to provide additional depth in the topics of sintering, coking, poisoning, and fouling. Regeneration considerations and options are also briefly discussed for each deactivation mechanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: heterogeneous catalysis; deactivation; regeneration heterogeneous catalysis; deactivation; regeneration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Argyle, M.D.; Bartholomew, C.H. Heterogeneous Catalyst Deactivation and Regeneration: A Review. Catalysts 2015, 5, 145-269.

AMA Style

Argyle MD, Bartholomew CH. Heterogeneous Catalyst Deactivation and Regeneration: A Review. Catalysts. 2015; 5(1):145-269.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Argyle, Morris D., and Calvin H. Bartholomew. 2015. "Heterogeneous Catalyst Deactivation and Regeneration: A Review" Catalysts 5, no. 1: 145-269.

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