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Article

Absolute and Relative Handgrip Strength as Indicators of Self-Reported Physical Function and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors: The EFICAN Study

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Department of Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
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CERNEP Research Centre, SPORT Research Group (CTS-1024), University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Area of Statistics and Operative Research, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Realtrack Systems S. L., 04009 Almería, Spain
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Servicio Andaluz de Salud, Unidad de Gestión Clínica Almería Periferia, Distrito Sanitario Almería, 04009 Almería, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Charles L. Shapiro
Cancers 2021, 13(21), 5292; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13215292
Received: 15 August 2021 / Revised: 15 October 2021 / Accepted: 19 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Cancer Nursing and Care)
Breast cancer is the most diagnosed type of cancer worldwide and it has a high survival rate. Thus, side effects related to breast cancer and treatments compromise lots of people’s physical functions and health-related quality of life. For this reason, it is important to manage these side effects in the follow up after treatments. The handgrip strength and the handgrip strength relative to body mass index may constitute useful, simple, quick and economically feasible tools that may help clinicians detecting these side effects, which is key to undertake actions for improving the physical function and health-related quality of life of breast cancer survivors.
Background: Although breast cancer (BC) is the most prevalent type of cancer in the world, its high survival rate implies that many people live long after the treatments and face their side effects. The physical function (PF) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people surviving BC decreases significantly, which makes important to identify markers that may be associated with a better health status and prognosis. Previous studies suggest that handgrip strength (HGS) and HGS relative to the body mass index (rHGS) are good indicators of PF and HRQoL in different populations. However, it is unknown whether this applies to BC survivors. This study aimed to evaluate the association of HGS and rHGS with PF and HRQoL in this population. Methods: Sixty female BC survivors participated. Handgrip strength was assessed with a dynamometer. Arm volume was estimated and upper limb impairments, as well as cancer-related fatigue, depression, life satisfaction and HRQoL, were assessed using standardized questionnaires. Results: Higher levels of HGS and rHGS were associated with higher levels of HRQoL, lower cancer-related fatigue, and fewer problems with the affected arm. Conclusions: These results suggest that HGS may be a good indicator of self-reported PF and HRQoL in female BC survivors. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer; physical fitness; muscular strength; disability; life satisfaction; depression cancer; physical fitness; muscular strength; disability; life satisfaction; depression
MDPI and ACS Style

Esteban-Simón, A.; Díez-Fernández, D.M.; Artés-Rodríguez, E.; Casimiro-Artés, M.Á.; Rodríguez-Pérez, M.A.; Moreno-Martos, H.; Casimiro-Andújar, A.J.; Soriano-Maldonado, A. Absolute and Relative Handgrip Strength as Indicators of Self-Reported Physical Function and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors: The EFICAN Study. Cancers 2021, 13, 5292. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13215292

AMA Style

Esteban-Simón A, Díez-Fernández DM, Artés-Rodríguez E, Casimiro-Artés MÁ, Rodríguez-Pérez MA, Moreno-Martos H, Casimiro-Andújar AJ, Soriano-Maldonado A. Absolute and Relative Handgrip Strength as Indicators of Self-Reported Physical Function and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors: The EFICAN Study. Cancers. 2021; 13(21):5292. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13215292

Chicago/Turabian Style

Esteban-Simón, Alba, David M. Díez-Fernández, Eva Artés-Rodríguez, Miguel Á. Casimiro-Artés, Manuel A. Rodríguez-Pérez, Herminia Moreno-Martos, Antonio J. Casimiro-Andújar, and Alberto Soriano-Maldonado. 2021. "Absolute and Relative Handgrip Strength as Indicators of Self-Reported Physical Function and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors: The EFICAN Study" Cancers 13, no. 21: 5292. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13215292

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