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Article

MiRNA-103/107 in Primary High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer and Its Clinical Significance

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Department of Operative Gynecology, Endoscopy and Gynecologic Oncology, Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital Research Institute, 281 Rzgowska Str., 93-338 Lodz, Poland
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Institute of Medical Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 106 Lodowa Str., 93-232 Lodz, Poland
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Department of Molecular Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Al. Kościuszki 4, 90-419 Lodz, Poland
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Department of Clinical Pathology, Polish Mothers’ Memorial Hospital-Research Institute, 281 Rzgowska Str., 93-338 Lodz, Poland
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The Central Laboratory of Medical University in Lodz, 6/8 Mazowiecka Str., 92-215 Lodz, Poland
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Gynecologic Oncology Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague, 128 00 Prague, Czech Republic
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Department of Surgical and Endoscopic Gynecology, Medical University in Lodz, Al. Kościuszki 4, 90-419 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2020, 12(9), 2680; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12092680
Received: 21 August 2020 / Revised: 14 September 2020 / Accepted: 17 September 2020 / Published: 19 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue MicroRNA and Cancer)
MiRNA-103/107-DICER axis may be one of the key regulators of cancer aggressiveness. Data on miRNA-103/107 in high grade serous ovarian cancer is scarce. We aimed to assess miRNA-103/107 expression levels in high grade serous ovarian cancer tissues and relate them to patients’ clinicopathological data. MiRNA-103/107, DICER expression levels were also evaluated in selected ovarian cancer cell lines. Clinical and prognostic significance of miRNA-103/107 was not confirmed in our study. However, the results of our study support the possible existence of miRNA-103/107- DICER axis in ovarian cancer.
High levels of miRNA-103/107 are associated with poor outcomes in the case of breast cancer patients. MiRNA-103/107-DICER axis may be one of the key regulators of cancer aggressiveness. MiRNA-103/107 expression levels have never been related to patients’ clinicopathological data in epithelial ovarian cancer. We aimed to assess miRNA-103/107 expression levels in high grade serous ovarian cancer tissues. Expression levels of both miRNAs were related to the clinicopathological features and survival. We also evaluated expression levels of miRNA-103/107 and DICER in selected ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780, A2780cis, SK-OV-3, OVCAR3). We assessed the relative expression of miRNA-103/107 (quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) in fifty archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of primary high grade serous ovarian cancer. Then, miRNA-103/107 and DICER expression levels were evaluated in selected ovarian cancer cell lines. Additionally, DICER, N-/E-cadherin protein levels were assessed with the use of western blot. We identified miRNA-107 up-regulation in ovarian cancer in comparison to healthy tissues (p = 0.0005). In the case of miRNA-103, we did not observe statistically significant differences between cancerous and healthy tissues (p = 0.07). We did not find any correlations between miRNA-103/107 expression levels and clinicopathological features. Kaplan–Meier survival (disease-free and overall survival) analysis revealed that both miRNAs could not be considered as prognostic factors. SK-OV-3 cancer cell lines were characterized by high expression of miRNA-103/107, relatively low expression of DICER (western-blot), and relatively high N-cadherin levels in comparison to other ovarian cancer cell lines. Clinical and prognostic significance of miRNA-103/107 was not confirmed in our study. View Full-Text
Keywords: miRNA; ovarian cancer; survival; prognostic factor miRNA; ovarian cancer; survival; prognostic factor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wilczynski, M.; Kielbik, M.; Senderowska, D.; Krawczyk, T.; Szymanska, B.; Klink, M.; Bieńkiewicz, J.; Romanowicz, H.; Frühauf, F.; Malinowski, A. MiRNA-103/107 in Primary High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer and Its Clinical Significance. Cancers 2020, 12, 2680. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12092680

AMA Style

Wilczynski M, Kielbik M, Senderowska D, Krawczyk T, Szymanska B, Klink M, Bieńkiewicz J, Romanowicz H, Frühauf F, Malinowski A. MiRNA-103/107 in Primary High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer and Its Clinical Significance. Cancers. 2020; 12(9):2680. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12092680

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilczynski, Milosz, Michal Kielbik, Daria Senderowska, Tomasz Krawczyk, Bozena Szymanska, Magdalena Klink, Jan Bieńkiewicz, Hanna Romanowicz, Filip Frühauf, and Andrzej Malinowski. 2020. "MiRNA-103/107 in Primary High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer and Its Clinical Significance" Cancers 12, no. 9: 2680. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12092680

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