Integration of Radiomic and Multi-omic Analyses Predicts Survival of Newly Diagnosed IDH1 Wild-Type Glioblastoma
AbstractPredictors of patient outcome derived from gene methylation, mutation, or expression are severely limited in IDH1 wild-type glioblastoma (GBM). Radiomics offers an alternative insight into tumor characteristics which can provide complementary information for predictive models. The study aimed to evaluate whether predictive models which integrate radiomic, gene, and clinical (multi-omic) features together offer an increased capacity to predict patient outcome. A dataset comprising 200 IDH1 wild-type GBM patients, derived from The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) (n = 71) and the McGill University Health Centre (n = 129), was used in this study. Radiomic features (n = 45) were extracted from tumor volumes then correlated to biological variables and clinical outcomes. By performing 10-fold cross-validation (n = 200) and utilizing independent training/testing datasets (n = 100/100), an integrative model was derived from multi-omic features and evaluated for predictive strength. Integrative models using a limited panel of radiomic (sum of squares variance, large zone/low gray emphasis, autocorrelation), clinical (therapy type, age), genetic (CIC, PIK3R1, FUBP1) and protein expression (p53, vimentin) yielded a maximal AUC of 78.24% (p = 2.9 × 10−5). We posit that multi-omic models using the limited set of ‘omic’ features outlined above can improve capacity to predict the outcome for IDH1 wild-type GBM patients. View Full-Text
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Chaddad, A.; Daniel, P.; Sabri, S.; Desrosiers, C.; Abdulkarim, B. Integration of Radiomic and Multi-omic Analyses Predicts Survival of Newly Diagnosed IDH1 Wild-Type Glioblastoma. Cancers 2019, 11, 1148.
Chaddad A, Daniel P, Sabri S, Desrosiers C, Abdulkarim B. Integration of Radiomic and Multi-omic Analyses Predicts Survival of Newly Diagnosed IDH1 Wild-Type Glioblastoma. Cancers. 2019; 11(8):1148.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chaddad, Ahmad; Daniel, Paul; Sabri, Siham; Desrosiers, Christian; Abdulkarim, Bassam. 2019. "Integration of Radiomic and Multi-omic Analyses Predicts Survival of Newly Diagnosed IDH1 Wild-Type Glioblastoma." Cancers 11, no. 8: 1148.
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