Early Changes in CT Perfusion Parameters: Primary Renal Carcinoma Versus Metastases After Treatment with Targeted Therapy
AbstractComputed tomography (CT) perfusion is a novel imaging method to determine tumor perfusion using a low-dose CT technique to measure iodine concentration at multiple time points. We determined if early changes in perfusion differ between primary renal tumors and metastatic tumor sites in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) receiving targeted anti-angiogenic therapy. A total of 10 patients with advanced RCC underwent a CT perfusion scan at treatment baseline and at one week after initiating treatment. Perfusion measurements included blood volume (BV), blood flow (BF), and flow extraction product (FEP) in a total of 13 lesions (six primary RCC tumors, seven RCC metastases). Changes between baseline and week 1 were compared between tumor locations: primary kidney tumors vs metastases. Metastatic lesions had a greater decrease in BF (average BF difference ± standard deviation (SD): −75.0 mL/100 mL/min ± 81) compared to primary kidney masses (−25.5 mL/100 mL/min ± 35). Metastatic tumors had a wider variation of change in BF, BV and FEP measures compared to primary renal tumors. Tumor diameters showed little change after one week, but early perfusion changes are evident, especially in metastatic lesions compared to primary lesions. Future studies are needed to determine if these changes can predict which patients are benefiting from targeted therapy. View Full-Text
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Fan, A.C.; Sundaram, V.; Kino, A.; Schmiedeskamp, H.; Metzner, T.J.; Kamaya, A. Early Changes in CT Perfusion Parameters: Primary Renal Carcinoma Versus Metastases After Treatment with Targeted Therapy. Cancers 2019, 11, 608.
Fan AC, Sundaram V, Kino A, Schmiedeskamp H, Metzner TJ, Kamaya A. Early Changes in CT Perfusion Parameters: Primary Renal Carcinoma Versus Metastases After Treatment with Targeted Therapy. Cancers. 2019; 11(5):608.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fan, Alice C.; Sundaram, Vandana; Kino, Aya; Schmiedeskamp, Heiko; Metzner, Thomas J.; Kamaya, Aya. 2019. "Early Changes in CT Perfusion Parameters: Primary Renal Carcinoma Versus Metastases After Treatment with Targeted Therapy." Cancers 11, no. 5: 608.
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