Calcium signaling, in addition to its numerous physiological roles, is also implicated in several pathological conditions including cancer. An increasing body of evidence suggest critical roles of calcium signaling in the promotion of different aspects of cancer, including cell proliferation, therapy resistance and metastatic-related processes. In many cases, this is associated with altered expression and/or activity of some calcium channels and pumps. Brain cancers have also been the subject of many of these studies. In addition to diverse roles of calcium signals in normal brain function, a number of proteins involved in calcium transport are implicated to have specific roles in some brain cancers including gliomas, medulloblastoma, neuroblastoma and meningioma. This review discusses research that has been conducted so far to understand diverse roles of Ca2+
-transporting proteins in the progression of brain cancers, as well as any attempts to target these proteins towards a therapeutic approach for the control of brain cancers. Finally, some knowledge gaps in the field that may need to be further considered are also discussed.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited