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Prospects for the Use of Cannabinoids in Oncology and Palliative Care Practice: A Review of the Evidence

Laboratory of Palliative Medicine, Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Medical University of Warsaw, ul. Oczki 3, 02-007 Warszawa, Poland
Cancers 2019, 11(2), 129; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11020129
Received: 11 December 2018 / Revised: 20 January 2019 / Accepted: 20 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019
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Abstract

There is an increased interest in the use of cannabinoids in the treatment of symptoms in cancer and palliative care patients. Their multimodal action, in spite of limited efficacy, may make them an attractive alternative, particularly in patients with multiple concomitant symptoms of mild and moderate intensity. There is evidence to indicate cannabis in the treatment of pain, spasticity, seizures, sleep disorders, nausea and vomiting, and Tourette syndrome. Although the effectiveness of cannabinoids is limited, it was confirmed in neuropathic pain management and combination with opioids. A relatively favorable adverse effects profile, including no depressive effect on the respiratory system, may make cannabis complement a rather narrow armamentarium that is in the disposition of a palliative care professional. View Full-Text
Keywords: cannabis; cannabinoids; cancer; palliative care cannabis; cannabinoids; cancer; palliative care
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dzierżanowski, T. Prospects for the Use of Cannabinoids in Oncology and Palliative Care Practice: A Review of the Evidence. Cancers 2019, 11, 129.

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