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Random Error Analysis of MEMS Gyroscope Based on an Improved DAVAR Algorithm

Department of Vehicle and Electrical Engineering, Army Engineering University, Shijiazhuang 050003, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2018, 9(8), 373;
Received: 14 June 2018 / Revised: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 27 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced MEMS/NEMS Technology)


In view that traditional dynamic Allan variance (DAVAR) method is difficult to make a good balance between dynamic tracking capabilities and the confidence of the estimation. And the reason is the use of a rectangular window with the fixed window length to intercept the original signal. So an improved dynamic Allan variance method was proposed. Compared with the traditional Allan variance method, this method can adjust the window length of the rectangular window adaptively. The data in the beginning and terminal interval was extended with the inverted mirror extension method to improve the utilization rate of the interval data. And the sliding kurtosis contribution coefficient and kurtosis were introduced to adjust the length of the rectangular window by sensing the content of shock signal in terminal interval. The method analyzed the window length change factor in different stable conditions and adjusted the rectangular window’s window length according to the kurtosis, sliding kurtosis contribution coefficient. The test results show that the more the kurtosis stability threshold was close to 3, the stronger the dynamic tracking ability of DAVAR would be. But the kurtosis stability threshold was too close to 3, there was a misjudgement in kurtosis analysis of signal stability, resulting in distortion of DAVAR analysis results. When using the improved DAVAR method, the kurtosis stability threshold can be close to 3 to improve the tracking ability and the estimation confidence in stable interval. Therefore, it solved the problem that the dynamic Allan variance tracking ability and confidence level were difficult to take into account, and also solved the problem of misjudgement in the stability analysis of kurtosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: dynamic Allan variance; kurtosis; sliding kurtosis contribution coefficient; MEMS dynamic Allan variance; kurtosis; sliding kurtosis contribution coefficient; MEMS

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Song, J.; Shi, Z.; Wang, L.; Wang, H. Random Error Analysis of MEMS Gyroscope Based on an Improved DAVAR Algorithm. Micromachines 2018, 9, 373.

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