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Open AccessArticle

A Facile Preparation and Energetic Characteristics of the Core/Shell CoFe2O4/Al Nanowires Thermite Film

1
School of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
2
Shaanxi Applied Physics and Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an 710061, China
3
State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2020, 11(5), 516; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11050516
Received: 31 March 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 8 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Miniaturized Pyro Devices)
In this study, CoFe2O4 is selected for the first time to synthesize CoFe2O4/Al nanothermite films via an integration of nano-Al with CoFe2O4 nanowires (NWs), which can be prepared through a facile hydrothermal-annealing route. The resulting nanothermite film demonstrates a homogeneous structure and an intense contact between the Al and CoFe2O4 NWs at the nanoscale. In addition, both thermal analysis and laser ignition test reveal the superb energetic performances of the prepared CoFe2O4/Al NWs nanothermite film. Within different thicknesses of nano-Al for the CoFe2O4/Al NWs nanothermite films investigated here, the maximum heat output has reached as great as 2100 J·g−1 at the optimal thickness of 400 nm for deposited Al. Moreover, the fabrication strategy for CoFe2O4/Al NWs is also easy and suitable for diverse thermite systems based upon other composite metal oxides, such as MnCo2O4 and NiCo2O4. Importantly, this method has the featured advantages of simple operation and compatibility with microsystems, both of which may further facilitate potential applications for functional energetic chips. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoenergetic materials; nanothermite; composite metal oxide; nanowires structure; core/shell; energy release nanoenergetic materials; nanothermite; composite metal oxide; nanowires structure; core/shell; energy release
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, C.; Ren, W.; Wu, G.; Zhang, W.; Hu, B.; Ni, D.; Zheng, Z.; Ma, K.; Ye, J.; Zhu, C. A Facile Preparation and Energetic Characteristics of the Core/Shell CoFe2O4/Al Nanowires Thermite Film. Micromachines 2020, 11, 516.

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