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Open AccessReview

Emerging Designs of Electronic Devices in Biomedicine

1
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Magna Graecia, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
2
Department of Health Sciences, University of Magna Graecia, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
3
Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism (IMEM) CNR Parco area delle Scienze 37/A, 43124 Parma, Italy
4
Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, University Federico II of Naples, 80125 Naples, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2020, 11(2), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11020123
Received: 30 November 2019 / Revised: 16 January 2020 / Accepted: 20 January 2020 / Published: 22 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 2D Nanomaterials Processing and Integration in Miniaturized Devices)
A long-standing goal of nanoelectronics is the development of integrated systems to be used in medicine as sensor, therapeutic, or theranostic devices. In this review, we examine the phenomena of transport and the interaction between electro-active charges and the material at the nanoscale. We then demonstrate how these mechanisms can be exploited to design and fabricate devices for applications in biomedicine and bioengineering. Specifically, we present and discuss electrochemical devices based on the interaction between ions and conductive polymers, such as organic electrochemical transistors (OFETs), electrolyte gated field-effect transistors (FETs), fin field-effect transistor (FinFETs), tunnelling field-effect transistors (TFETs), electrochemical lab-on-chips (LOCs). For these systems, we comment on their use in medicine.
Keywords: biodevices; integration; miniaturized devices biodevices; integration; miniaturized devices
MDPI and ACS Style

Coluccio, M.L.; Pullano, S.A.; Vismara, M.F.M.; Coppedè, N.; Perozziello, G.; Candeloro, P.; Gentile, F.; Malara, N. Emerging Designs of Electronic Devices in Biomedicine. Micromachines 2020, 11, 123.

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