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A Review on Optoelectrokinetics-Based Manipulation and Fabrication of Micro/Nanomaterials

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School of Mechanical Engineering, Shenyang Jianzhu University, Shenyang 110168, China
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State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
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CAS-CityU Joint Laboratory on Robotics, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong 999077, China
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong 999077, China
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School of Electromechanical and Automotive Engineering, Yantai University, Yantai 264005, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2020, 11(1), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi11010078
Received: 20 November 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 8 January 2020 / Published: 10 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optofluidic Devices and Applications)
Optoelectrokinetics (OEK), a fusion of optics, electrokinetics, and microfluidics, has been demonstrated to offer a series of extraordinary advantages in the manipulation and fabrication of micro/nanomaterials, such as requiring no mask, programmability, flexibility, and rapidness. In this paper, we summarize a variety of differently structured OEK chips, followed by a discussion on how they are fabricated and the ways in which they work. We also review how three differently sized polystyrene beads can be separated simultaneously, how a variety of nanoparticles can be assembled, and how micro/nanomaterials can be fabricated into functional devices. Another focus of our paper is on mask-free fabrication and assembly of hydrogel-based micro/nanostructures and its possible applications in biological fields. We provide a summary of the current challenges facing the OEK technique and its future prospects at the end of this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: optoelectrokinetics; optically-induced dielectrophoresis; micro/nanomaterials; separation; fabrication optoelectrokinetics; optically-induced dielectrophoresis; micro/nanomaterials; separation; fabrication
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, W.; Liu, L.; Wang, J.; Yang, X.; Wang, Y.; Li, W.J.; Yang, W. A Review on Optoelectrokinetics-Based Manipulation and Fabrication of Micro/Nanomaterials. Micromachines 2020, 11, 78.

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