A Novel Biodegradable Multilayered Bioengineered Vascular Construct with a Curved Structure and Multi-Branches
AbstractConstructing tissue engineered vascular grafts (TEVG) is of great significance for cardiovascular research. However, most of the fabrication techniques are unable to construct TEVG with a bifurcated and curved structure. This paper presents multilayered biodegradable TEVGs with a curved structure and multi-branches. The technique combined 3D printed molds and casting hydrogel and sacrificial material to create vessel-mimicking constructs with customizable structural parameters. Compared with other fabrication methods, the proposed technique can create more native-like 3D geometries. The diameter and wall thickness of the fabricated constructs can be independently controlled, providing a feasible approach for TEVG construction. Enzymatically-crosslinked gelatin was used as the material of the constructs. The mechanical properties and thermostability of the constructs were evaluated. Fluid-structure interaction simulations were conducted to examine the displacement of the construct’s wall when blood flows through it. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were seeded on the inner channel of the constructs and cultured for 72 h. The cell morphology was assessed. The results showed that the proposed technique had good application potentials, and will hopefully provide a novel technological approach for constructing integrated vasculature for tissue engineering. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
ZIP-Document (ZIP, 1824 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Liu, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Jiang, W.; Peng, Y.; Luo, J.; Xie, S.; Zhong, S.; Pu, H.; Liu, N.; Yue, T. A Novel Biodegradable Multilayered Bioengineered Vascular Construct with a Curved Structure and Multi-Branches. Micromachines 2019, 10, 275.
Liu Y, Zhang Y, Jiang W, Peng Y, Luo J, Xie S, Zhong S, Pu H, Liu N, Yue T. A Novel Biodegradable Multilayered Bioengineered Vascular Construct with a Curved Structure and Multi-Branches. Micromachines. 2019; 10(4):275.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Yuanyuan; Zhang, Yi; Jiang, Weijian; Peng, Yan; Luo, Jun; Xie, Shaorong; Zhong, Songyi; Pu, Huayan; Liu, Na; Yue, Tao. 2019. "A Novel Biodegradable Multilayered Bioengineered Vascular Construct with a Curved Structure and Multi-Branches." Micromachines 10, no. 4: 275.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.