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Effect of the Pitot Tube on Measurements in Supersonic Axisymmetric Underexpanded Microjets

Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
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Micromachines 2019, 10(4), 235; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10040235
Received: 15 February 2019 / Revised: 21 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 6 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Flows in Microsystems)
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Abstract

This paper describes the results of methodical investigations of the effect of the Pitot tube on measurements of gas-dynamic parameters of supersonic axisymmetric underexpanded real and model microjets. Particular attention is paid to distortions of Pitot pressure variations on the jet axis associated with the wave structure of the jet and to distortions of the supersonic core length. In experiments with model jets escaping from nozzles with diameters ranging from 0.52 to 1.06 mm into the low-pressure chamber, the measurements are performed by the Pitot tubes 0.05 to 2 mm in diameter. The results are analyzed together with the earlier obtained data for real microjets escaping from nozzles with diameters ranging from 10 to 340 µm where the parameters of real microjets were determined by the Pitot microtube 12 µm in diameter. Interaction of the Pitot tube with an unsteady jet in the laminar-turbulent transition region is investigated; the influence of this interaction on Pitot pressure measurements is determined, and a physical interpretation of this phenomenon is provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: supersonic microjets; Pitot tube supersonic microjets; Pitot tube
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mironov, S.G.; Aniskin, V.M.; Korotaeva, T.A.; Tsyryulnikov, I.S. Effect of the Pitot Tube on Measurements in Supersonic Axisymmetric Underexpanded Microjets. Micromachines 2019, 10, 235.

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